Past Publications & Presentations

Following are IFPA publications completed before 2016 . Some materials are available for download at no charge, some are out of print, and many are available for purchase. To order a publication that is not available for download, click on theAvailable for Purchase link to purchase the publication online through PayPal, or telephone IFPA directly at 617-492-2116 to request a publication. You can also go directly to the publications order page to view and select from the complete list of publications available for purchase (but not for download).

major publications
articles & presentations
  • Major Publications

    Managing the Global Impact of America's Rebalance to Asia
    Charles M. Perry and Bobby Andersen
    December 2014, 218 pp

    Some three years after President Obama announced in a November 2011 speech to the Australian parliament that he had made a “deliberate and strategic decision” for the United States to “play a larger and long-term role in shaping [the Asia-Pacific] region” and to make the U.S. “presence and mission in the Asia-Pacific a top priority,” the Pacific “pivot,” as it was initially called, remains very much a work in progress. This monograph reviews the rationale for the pivot; provides an update on its progress; assesses European views on the pivot and Asian security; explores security trends in other regions and their implications for the pivot; and offers recommendations for implementing the rebalance in ways that do not shortchange security in other important areas of the globe, and that might even draw on contributions from them.

    Anticipating a Nuclear Iran: Challenges for U.S. Security
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    December 2013, Columbia University Press

    Published by Columbia University Press in December 2013 , this book is based on a study originally completed under a grant to IFPA from the Smith Richardson Foundation and addresses major political and security challenges for the United States if Iran acquires a nuclear weapons capability. The co-authors are Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis and Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Rather than focus on Iran’s pursuit of nuclear capabilities, this volume assumes the worst, and a defensive, aggressive, and unstable Iran is already in the possession of a nuclear arsenal. How should the U.S. handle this threat, and can it deter the use of such weapons? Exploring three potential scenarios in which Iran becomes a nuclear state, this volume breaks down the political, strategic, and operational challenges facing the U.S. in a post-Cold War world.

    The volume concentrates on the type of nuclear capability Iran might develop; the conditions under which Iran might resort to threatened or actual weapons use; the extent to which Iran’s military strategy and declaratory policy might embolden Iran and its proxies to pursue more aggressive policies in the region and vis-à-vis the United States; and Iran’s ability to transfer nuclear materials to others within and outside of the region, possibly sparking a nuclear cascade. Drawing on recent post-Cold War deterrence theory, the authors consider Iran’s nuclear ambitions as they relate to its foreign policy objectives, domestic politics, and role in the Islamic world, and they suggest specific approaches the U.S. can undertake to improve its defense and deterrence planning.

    From Rhetoric to Reality: Foreign-Policy Making under the Democratic Party of Japan
    Weston S. Konishi
    April 2012, 112 pp

    This report examines the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)’s foreign-policy making since it took power in 2009. Prepared as part of a project supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation, the report looks at the key people, policies, and processes that have come to underlie the DPJ’s foreign-policy making as a ruling party, and it includes an attempt to define and categorize four main foreign policy strains within the party. Rather than focus on the current state of U.S.-Japan relations, this study examines Japan’s broader diplomatic and strategic activity beyond the bilateral relationship while considering how these actions might impact the U.S.-Japan relationship in the future.

    New Strategic Dynamics in the Arctic Region: Implications for National Security and International Collaboration
    Charles M. Perry and Bobby Andersen
    February 2012, 190 pp

    A comprehensive examination of the new strategic map now emerging in the Arctic as the polar ice cap continues to melt, opening a new ocean and giving way to new and ever larger waterways in the High North. This monograph is available as a free PDF download or as a bound copy for $24.99.

    Denuclearizing North Korea: Exploring Multilateral Approaches to Risk Reduction and Peace Regime Building
    Weston S. Konishi
    September 2011, 71 pp

    The final project report from a nongovernmental (Track 2) multinational working group led by IFPA to address security issues on the Korean peninsula.

    Countering the EMP Threat: The Role of Missile Defense
    White paper by Henry Cooper and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    July 2010, 12 pp

    Among the threats facing the United States are short-range ballistic missiles launched from vessels such as freighters, tankers, or container ships off our shores to detonate a warhead that could have catastrophic Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) consequences for the United States. After discussing the potential for a successful EMP attack, this report suggests what can (and should) be done to counter such an attack by using existing and near-term missile defense capabilities, beginning immediately.

    A Comprehensive Approach to Combating Illicit Trafficking
    A joint report by IFPA and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
    June 2010, 176 pp

    This report is based on extensive independent research conducted by IFPA on the multifaceted challenges posed by illicit trafficking and efforts to combat it; the report also incorporates discussions held at a high-level international workshop on the topic organized by IFPA and GCSP in Geneva, Switzerland, in September 2009.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Ballistic Missile Defense: A Guide
    The Independent Working Group
    May 2010, 23 pp

    This guide is based on information contained in the 2009 Independent Working Group Report entitled Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-First Century. The purpose of the guide is to address the most often asked questions and to provide information about missile defense.

    In Times of Crisis: U.S.-Japan Civil-Military Disaster Relief Coordination
    James L. Schoff and Marina Travayiakis
    May 2009, 144 pp

    The many large-scale natural disasters and ambitious nation-building projects over the last several years call attention to the potential value of deploying national military assets in support of disaster relief and recovery efforts, as well as to the challenges that disaster relief agencies and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) face when working closely with the military. Both U.S. and Japanese policy makers understand that leveraging military resources during a disaster is an opportunity to save lives and property, to help maintain stability and prosperity in affected nations, and to promote the allies' diplomatic interests, but it must be done carefully. Together with a handful of other key countries, the United States and Japan can help form a valuable crisis core group that cooperates in support of large-scale, UN-led disaster relief operations, but effective civil-military coordination is essential to making this work. The In Times of Crisis project was a multi-year joint effort of the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) and the Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), involving practitioners and policy makers from both countries, the United Nations, and NGOs through interviews and bilateral workshops. This monograph explains the team's findings and ways to improve the allies' ability to effectively pool civilian and military resources and to respond together (bilaterally or as part of a broader coalition) in support of host nations and international relief agencies to speed recovery in times of crisis.

    Peace Regime Building for a Nuclear Weapon-free Korean Peninsula: What Next?
    James L. Schoff and Yaron Eisenberg
    May 2009

    North Korea's recent nuclear test is only the latest in a series of moves by Pyongyang that seem directed at "shaping a new diplomatic framework" for the Korean Peninsula, rejecting the Six-Party process and returning to its traditional insistence on bilateral talks with the United States to end the Korean War. These developments illustrate the strong linkages between North Korean denuclearization and peace regime building on the Korean Peninsula (i.e., trying to institute a political solution to the Korean War beyond just a military armistice). Working with partners in South Korea, the United States, and China, IFPA is in the middle of a three-year project exploring peace regime building on the Korean Peninsula in ways that support and facilitate the denuclearization objectives of the Six-Party Talks; this interim report describes the results of over a year's worth of interviews, research, and a U.S.-South Korea bilateral workshop, up to and including North Korea's May 2009 nuclear test.

    Realigning Priorities: The U.S.-Japan Alliance and the Future of Extended Deterrence
    James L. Schoff
    May 2009

    North Korea's missile/rocket launch over Japan and maritime skirmishes in the South China Sea between the United States and China place new burdens on the U.S.-Japan security relationship. For more than two generations the United States has provided a security guarantee to Japan that is backed by the U.S. nuclear capability. The future of this extended deterrence relationship is the focus of this report. It addresses evolving discussion about deterrence in Japan as well as the United States and examines the conditions under which Japan might consider new approaches to assuring its future security.

    Updating U.S. Deterrence Concepts and Operational Planning: Reassuring Allies, Deterring Legacy Threats, and Dissuading Nuclear "Wannabes"
    Jacquelyn K. Davis, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Charles M. Perry, and James L. Schoff
    February 2009, 22 pp

    Among the potentially contentious issues requiring focused attention and innovative thinking by the Obama administration are those relating to the future of U.S. deterrence planning. Members of the administration are already on record as favoring a significant unilateral reduction in U.S. nuclear weapons. Some are calling for the ratification of a Comprehensive (Nuclear) Test Ban Treaty; others are questioning proposals to update the U.S. nuclear infrastructure and modernize the U.S. nuclear warhead inventory to make American deterrent forces better able to meet and counter legacy and emerging deterrence threats and challenges. This paper provides an assessment of the future of U.S. nuclear planning and offers new ideas about deterrence in the dramatically changed twenty-first-century security planning environment.

    The Space and U.S. Security Net Assessment
    Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 2009, 83 pp

    This report, the product of a year-long study effort, has been prepared as a contribution to the discussion about the future role of the United States in space. It surveys the current status of U.S. space activities and draws comparisons with other countries that have developed space programs in recent decades. It projects major trends into a ten- to twenty-year timeframe to identify factors that may have important positive or negative implications for the position of the United States relative to other nations in the next decade. Because of the inherently dual-use nature of space technology and the growing role of the commercial sector, this net assessment takes a broad view of space, encompassing space technologies for military uses and for commercial purposes. It underscores the mutually important role of space in U.S. national security and in the U.S. economy.

    Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-first Century
    The Independent Working Group
    January 2009

    This report provides an assessment of missile defense requirements beyond the limited ground-based system currently being deployed, together with opportunities to benefit from existing and new technologies. It presents proven technology options that should form the basis for deployment of an innovative missile defense that draws upon the legacy of technologies developed during the Strategic Defense Initiative program of the Reagan administration and the first Bush administration. The report lays out the necessary vision to exploit existing and future technologies, with space as an indispensable part of missile defense.

    Finding the Right Mix: Disaster Diplomacy, National Security, and International Cooperation
    Charles M. Perry, with Marina Travayiakis, Bobby Andersen, and Yaron Eisenberg
    January 2009

    This study focuses on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR). It explores ways to make civil-military cooperation more effective in supporting a whole-of-government strategy for addressing twenty-first century threats. It is designed to assist those responsible for the management of large-scale HA/DR efforts achieve a greater unity of effort and division of labor among the diverse civilian and military, national and international, and public and private sector entities to execute such operations. It identifies critical capabilities and key operational challenges; reviews existing and proposed cooperative mechanisms to facilitate disaster relief planning, training, and implementation; and examines several recent cases of disaster response for lessons learned.

    Iran with Nuclear Weapons: Anticipating the Consequences for U.S. Policy
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    September 2008, 93 pp

    We need only ponder the problems posed by an Iran without nuclear weapons to begin to assess the challenges of an Iran in possession of an operational nuclear weapons capability. Considering the issue from the perspective of three different heuristic models of Iran’s proliferation — a defensive Iran, an aggressive Iran, and an unstable Iran — this report assesses the political, strategic, and operational implications of Iran’s attainment of a nuclear weapons capability. It assumes that absent strong, unified, multilateral action to impose a strict sanctions regime, a United Nations Security Council-approved embargo, or other tightly enforced trade and financial restrictions, current policies will not suffice to prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear weapons state.

    Nuclear Matters in North Korea: Building a Multilateral Response for Future Stability in Northeast Asia
    James L. Schoff, Charles M. Perry, and Jacquelyn K. Davis
    July 2008, 186 pp

    This 2008 monograph presents the findings of a three-year multilateral research project that explores ways to bridge differences among the parties and to develop a common approach to North Korean nuclearization. It explores the strengths and weaknesses of the six-party process and offers practical solutions to the numerous implementation challenges regarding nuclear dismantlement and verification, and coordinated economic assistance and investment.

    Radical Islamist Ideologies and the Long War: Implications for U.S. Strategic Planning and U.S. Central Command's Operations
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    January 2007, 73 pp

    IFPA completed this report as part of an ongoing study of radical Islam and its implications for the Long War against terrorism. It provides a comprehensive assessment of the ideological underpinnings of radical Islam and how these ideologies seem to be fueling terrorist and insurgent activities, including suicide bombing operations and other asymmetric strategies. Emphasis is placed on the effect of these activities in U.S. Central Command’s (USCENTCOM’s) area of responsibility, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan. This study also includes updated analyses and recommendations derived from a workshop on suicide bombers held in support of USCENTCOM earlier in 2006.

    Political Fences & Bad Neighbors: North Korea Policy Making in Japan and Implications for the United States
    James L. Schoff
    January 2006, 40 pp

    Policy coordination with Japan regarding North Korea is always important for U.S. policy makers, given the persistent security challenges posed by the DPRK and the lack of progress on North Korean denuclearization. The situation is further complicated by the oftentimes conflicting interests of other key regional players (such as China and South Korea) regarding priorities and policy approaches vis-à-vis the North. This report explores how Japan's policy toward North Korea has evolved over time, and it describes how domestic politics and bureaucratic organization affect current Japanese policy making in this area. U.S.-Japan policy coordination toward North Korea is discussed, and the implications of all of these factors are examined with policy recommendations to strengthen alliance cooperation.

    Security Policy Reforms in East Asia and a Trilateral Crisis Response Planning Opportunity
    Second interim report, an IFPA Project Interim Paper
    March 2005, 32 pp

    Tools for Trilateralism: Improving U.S.-Japan-Korea Cooperation to Manage Complex Contingencies
    James L. Schoff
    January 2005, 122 pp

    One of the more successful innovations in the area of U.S.-Japan and U.S.-South Korea alliance management was the establishment of the Trilateral Coordination and Oversight Group (TCOG) for developing common policies toward North Korea. The three countries can learn from the TCOG and use other diplomatic and military planning tools to improve the way that they prepare for and respond to complex contingencies, such as a large-scale natural disaster, a regional or global epidemic, or the adverse affects of a failing nation-state. This monograph evaluates these tools and identifies ways that they can be better integrated to strengthen the alliance relationships and to enhance regional capacity in the areas of crisis and consequence management. The book includes the first comprehensive study of the TCOG from the perspective of the three nations’ participants, as well as a detailed analysis of how they contributed to the unprecedented multilateral response to the 2004 South Asian tsunami disaster.

    Nuclear Proliferation and the Future of U.S. Defense and Deterrence Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    January 2005

    The Evolution of TCOG as a Diplomatic Tool: First Interim Report
    An IFPA Project Interim Paper
    November 2004, 32 pp

    Central Asia in U.S. Strategy and Operational Planning: Where Do We Go from Here?
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Michael J. Sweeney
    January 2004

    This monograph, the result of a project completed in 2004, examines the military and operational requirements that could be anticipated to drive U.S. security planning for operations in Central Asia and adjacent regions over the next ten to twenty years.

    Building Six-Party Capacity for a WMD-Free Korea
    James L. Schoff, Charles M. Perry, and Jacquelyn K. Davis
    January 2004, 112 pp

    Defense Reform, Modernization, & Military Cooperation in Southeastern Europe: Vol. 3 of the IFPA-Kokkalis Series on Southeast European Policy
    Edited by Charles M. Perry and Dimitris Keridis
    January 2004, 318 pp

    Alliance Diversification & the Future of the U.S.-Korean Security Relationship
    Charles M. Perry, Jecquelyn K. Davis, James L. Schoff, and Toshi Yoshihara
    January 2004, 224 pp

    Crisis Management in Japan & the United States: Creating Opportunities for Cooperation amid Dramatic Change
    Edited by James L. Schoff
    January 2004, 156 pp

    New Approaches to Balkan Studies
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis, Ellen Elias-Bursac, and Nicholas Yatromanolakis
    September 2003, 375 pp

    The U.S.-Japan Alliance: Preparing for Korean Reconciliation & Beyond
    Charles M. Perry and Toshi Yoshihara
    July 2003, 184 pp

    Reluctant Allies and Competitive Partners: U.S.-French Relations at the Breaking Point?
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    July 2003, 242 pp

    The Strategic Plan for Safeguarding the Commonwealth of Massachusetts against Terrorist and Related Threats
    Prepared for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by
    January 2003, 43 pp

    Security Issues in the Middle East Quarterly Reports
    Andrew C. Winner
    September 2002

    The Strategic and Operational Implications of NATO Enlargement in the Baltic Region
    July 2002, out of print
    Nuclear Stability in South Asia
    Andrew Winner and Toshi Yoshinara
    January 2002, 122 pp

    Greek-Turkish Relations in the Era of Globalization
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou
    November 2001, out of print
    Contending Theories of International Relations
    Co-author, fifth edition, New York: Addison Wesley Longman
    January 2001
    Assessing the Cruise Missile Puzzle: How Great a Defense Challenge?
    David R. Tanks
    October 2000, 40 pp

    National Missile Defense: Policy Issues and Technological Capabilities
    David R. Tanks
    July 2000

    Strategic Dynamics in the Nordic/Baltic Region: Implications for U.S. Policy
    Charles M. Perry, Michael J. Sweeney, and Andrew C. Winner
    June 2000, 205 pp

    NATO and Southeastern Europe: Security Issues for the Early 21st Century
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 2000, 248 pp

    European Security Institutions: Ready for the 21st Century?
    IFPA-Fletcher School Project Team
    January 2000, 248 pp

    The Role of Naval Forces in 21st-Century Operations
    Edited by Richard H. Schultz and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 2000, 284 pp

    Air/Missile Defense, Counterproliferation and Security Policy Planning
    Edited by Jacquelyn K. Davis, Charles M. Perry, and Jamal S. Al-Suwaidi
    July 1999, 144 pp

    Strategic Paradigms 2025
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Michael J. Sweeney
    June 1999, 353 pp

    Commercial Space and Military Information Dominance
    David R. Tanks
    June 1998, 19 pp

    Future Challenges to U.S. Space Systems
    David R. Tanks
    June 1998, 19 pp
    CVX: A Smart Carrier for a New Era
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    January 1998, 78 pp

    Exploring U.S. Missile Defense Requirements in 2010: What Are the Policy and Technology Challenges?
    David R. Tanks
    July 1997

    Security in Southeastern Europe and the U.S.-Greek Relationship
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 1997, 208 pp

    Airpower Synergies in the New Strategic Era
    Charles M. Perry, Laurence E. Rothenberg, and Jacquelyn K. Davis, with a foreword by Frank Carlucci
    June 1997, 88 pp

    War in the Information Age
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 1997
    The Submarine and U.S. National Security Strategy in the Twenty-first Century
    Jacquelyn K. Davis, Michael J. Sweeney, Charles M. Perry
    January 1997, 85 pp

    Security Strategy and Missile Defense
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    December 1995

    Special Operations Forces: Roles and Missions in the Aftermath of the Cold War
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    July 1995

    Long-Range Bombers and the Role of Airpower in the New Century
    Charles M. Perry, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Joseph C. Conway
    June 1995, 96 pp

    Forward Presence and the U.S. Security Policy: Implications for Force Posture, Service Roles, and Joint Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    June 1995, 72 pp

    Taiwan in a Transformed World
    Edited by David Tawei Lee and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr
    January 1995, 140 pp

    Pacific Partners: Canada and the United States
    Charles F. Doran, Michael K. Hawes, Brian L. Job, Rank Langdon, and Douglas Ross
    January 1994, 129 pp

    Transatlantic Relations in the 1990s: The Emergence of New Security Architectures
    Hans van de Broek, Pierre-Etienne Champenois, Willem van Eekelen, André Erdös, Lynn Hansen, Gebhardt von Moltke, Jerzy Nowak, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Rob de Wijk
    June 1993, 92 pp

    Aircraft Carriers and the Role of Naval Forces in the Twenty-First Century
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    June 1993, 59 pp

    Japan and the United States: Troubled Partners in a Changing World
    Mike Mochizuki, James E. Auer, Noboru Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, Reizo Utagawa, John Curtis Perry, and Jacquelyn K. Davis
    January 1991, 144 pp

  • Event Reports

    Space-based Sensors: Missile Defense and More: Point Paper on the IFPA Capitol Hill Roundtable
    Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Inc., September 2015, 20 pp

    This point paper summarizes the proceedings of the July 14, 2015, IFPA Capitol Hill roundtable, Space-based Sensors: Missile Defense and More, and expands on the presentations and discussion that took place.

    Symposium on New Dynamics in Japanese Security Policy: Summary Report
    July 2015, 65 pp

    A report summarizing the proceedings and conclusions of a symposium sponsored by IFPA and the International Security Studies Program at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, held on March 31, 2015, at the Fletcher School.

    Rowing Together: Developing Parallel Paths to Stability, Denuclearization and a Peace Regime on the Korean Peninsula
    Weston Konishi, December 2013, 128 pp

    Many consider U.S.-China-Republic of Korea trilateral cooperation to be a key dynamic in achieving a denuclearized North Korea and a more lasting peace structure on the Korean Peninsula. Yet dialogue among these three actors is relatively unheard of, and Beijing, Seoul, and Washington continue to diverge on many critical aspects of managing the ongoing nuclear crisis with North Korea. Rather than “rowing together” on many critical areas of peninsular security, the United States, China, and the ROK have often been “rowing apart.” With generous support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) launched a major project in 2011 aimed at enhancing U.S.-China-ROK dialogue on this critical issue and encouraging all three sides to “row together.” Leading experts and officials from all three countries convened over the course of two workshop sessions in Beijing and Jeju Island to explore new avenues for trilateral cooperation on the Korean Peninsula. IFPA commissioned six conference papers, each representing the views of the participating countries, from select workshop participants. The conference papers are collected here, in this compendium report, providing policy makers and researchers with an invaluable collection of analysis as well as realistic recommendations for improving trilateral cooperation toward containing and reducing (if not eliminating) North Korea’s nuclear programs and strengthening the prospects for stability and security on and around the Korean Peninsula.

    Defending the Homeland: The Role of Missile Defense
    Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., October 2013, 40 pp

    This special report is based on the proceedings of a June 25, 2013, Capitol Hill briefing held in Washington, D.C., and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship and organized by IFPA. The report focuses on the role that missile defense can play in U.S. homeland security. Specific topics include the emerging requirements for the Aegis sea-based missile defense program including Aegis Ashore, the potential to build a third missile defense site on the East Coast, the options for space-based missile defense, homeland security threats including electromagnetic pulse (EMP) as part of cyber and information warfare operations, and defense budget issues affecting missile defense programs and priorities.

    U.S.-Japan Peacebuilding Cooperation: Recommendations toward a Whole-of-Alliance Approach
    Co-edited by Weston S. Konishi and Hoshino Toshiya, October 2012, 172 pp

    U.S.-Japan Peacebuilding Cooperation: Roles and Recommendations toward a Whole-of-Alliance Approach is a compendium of workshop papers written by U.S., Japanese, and other experts and provides a comprehensive examination of how bilateral peacebuilding cooperation can be enhanced, both in the context of bilateral whole-of-alliance cooperation and as an effective mechanism for international peacebuilding operations. With case studies of peacebuilding operations in Sudan and Afghanistan, this report seeks to illuminate the obstacles and opportunities of U.S.-Japan peacebuilding cooperation in real-world scenarios. A list of policy recommendations at the end of the report provides further points of consideration for both policy makers and students of U.S.-Japan alliance relations and international peacebuilding alike.

    U.S. National Security Strategy and the New Strategic Triad: Capitol Hill Briefing Report
    Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship, July 2012, 34 pp

    Report of the April 20, 2102, Capitol Hill briefing convened and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship. Organized by IFPA, the meeting brought together expertise on space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense to discuss the synergistic relationships among these core components which together form the elements of a new Strategic Triad to support U.S. national security strategy and defense policy. Participants included Senate and House Staff members, officials from the Departments of Defense, State, and the military services, subject matter experts, representatives from industry, and IWG members.

    The Marine Corps: America's Expeditionary Force in Readiness
    Conference report, July 2011, 107 pp

    The U.S. Approach to Peacebuilding: From a Whole-of-Government to a Whole-of-Alliance Approach with Japan
    Weston S. Konishi and Charles T. McClean, June 2011, 14 pp

    This paper was first presented at a one-day bilateral workshop on April 29, 2011, held in conjunction with the Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) in Washington, D.C. In the papers, authors aim to assess each government's “whole-of-government” or interagency coordination of peacebuilding policies and to identify priorities, assets, and expertise as applied to Afghanistan and Sudan. The goal of the project is to explore the strengths and weaknesses of both the United States and Japan’s respective initiatives with an eye toward how the two allies can best cooperate and work synergistically in a “whole of alliance” approach to peacebuilding operations in vulnerable or failing states.

    Peacebuilding as a U.S.-Japan Alliance Mission: Developing a Complementary “Whole-of-Alliance” Approach
    Weston S. Konishi, May 2011, 8 pp

    Summary of an April 29, 2011, workshop held in conjunction with the Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), Washington, D.C.

    Risk Reduction & Confidence Building on the Korean Peninsula: Challenges, Opportunities & Implications for Regional Stability
    Workshop report by Charles M. Perry, Jacquelyn K. Davis, and Weston S. Konishi, May 2011, 21 pp

    Report on a January 19, 2011, workshop that brought together approximately fifty prominent policymakers and experts from the United States, the People’s Republic of China, and the Republic of Korea for in-depth discussions focusing on the current security situation on and surrounding the Korean Peninsula and prospects for greater cooperation among the three nations represented at the workshop.

    Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century
    Conference report, September 2010

    The conference report from the 38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, "Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century," addresses the defining issues for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) in the twenty-first-century security environment as well as the planning, operational, and investment challenges facing the USAF in the years ahead. These include balancing legacy missions with irregular warfare demands; determining where the USAF can take risks in platform modernization and how best to assign acquisition priorities in a constrained budget environment; identifying and promoting new mission areas and service competencies; and articulating an up-to-date strategy for enabling and supporting twenty-first-century security planning that facilitates combatant-commander security cooperation and joint and Allied/coalition operations, and contributing as well to broader interagency requirements.
    The conference was held on January 20–21, 2010, in Washington, D.C. Building on previous conferences in this series, the 38th IFPA-Fletcher National Security Conference brought together a unique mix of expertise from government and the private sector; from the civilian and military communities; from think tanks, industry, and academia; and from the United States and abroad.

    A New NATO, Euro-Atlantic Security, and the Greek-American Partnership
    June 2009

    Report on a high-level conference convened April 28-29, 2009, by the Defense Analysis Institute of the Hellenic Ministry of National Defense, the Konstantinos G. Karamanlis Foundation, and the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) with official NATO sponsorship. As NATO marks its sixtieth anniversary, it faces enduring questions about strategic focus, operational priorities, military requirements, and collaborative ties with partner nations and other international institutions. Some of these questions were addressed at the April 2009 NATO summit in Strasbourg-Kehl, but a broader and ongoing dialogue will be essential as the Alliance moves forward in the years ahead; this conference addressed and contributed to that process.

    The Six-Party Talks and New Opportunities to Strengthen Regional Nonproliferation and Disarmament Efforts
    Matthew Martin, March 2009

    Report of an October 2008 conference sponsored by the Stanley Foundation, the National Committee on North Korea, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, and the Chinese Arms Control and Disarmament Association.

    Re-Calibrating Security Force Assistance (SFA) as a Critical Component of Waging Irregular Warfare (IW) within the Context of the Global War on Terror (GWOT)
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry, December 2008
    NATO's Relevance and EUCOM's Priorities in Dealing with a Rising Russia
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry, August 2008

    This report summarizes and elaborates upon discussions held at an IFPA workshop by the same name held on July 30, 2008, and organized in support of GEN Bantz Craddock, USA, then SACEUR and commander of USEUCOM. The report discusses emerging Allied concerns over a more assertive Russian security posture, and discusses potential opportunities for USEUCOM-led security cooperation in the greater Black Sea and Caucasus region as a way to enhance stability. Against the backdrop of the Russian-Georgian conflict (which erupted shortly after the workshop was held), the report also offers recommendations for appropriate U.S. and Allied responses.

    NATO's Strategic Relevance and U.S. European Command Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry, March 2008

    This report analyzes the perspectives of NATO and SHAPE officials on the proper scope, focus, and timing of future adjustments to the Alliance’s 1999 Strategic Concept to bring it into closer accord with current and emerging strategic trends and priorities. The report also evaluates potential revisions to NATO’s deterrence posture (including with respect to forward-deployed nuclear weapons), and examines emerging requirements for Allied counter-proliferation planning, “out-of-area” missions (such as Afghanistan ), and civil-military coordination to protect Allied territory and critical infrastructure. Based on these assessments, recommendations are made for U.S. European Command (USEUCOM) planning priorities.

    Rethinking the War on Terror: Developing a Strategy to Counter Extremist Ideologies
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry, March 2007, 32 pp

    IFPA completed and distributed this summary report on a January 2007 workshop organized in support of U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM).The focus of the workshop was a discussion of the ideological roots of Islamist extremism as a basis for countering such ideology. In addition, it identified and assessed the elements of a national strategy to defeat radical Islamist threats and addressed measures to promote democratization in the region. Attendees at the workshop ncluded experts and scholars specializing in various aspects of Islamic extremism, as well as USCENTCOM Deputy Commander VADM Dave Nichols, other senior command representatives, and high- ranking U.S. officials.

    A New Maritime Strategy for 21st-Century National Security
    February 2007

    The Pandemic Influenza Challenge: Multilateral Perspectives on Preparedness, Response Planning, and Areas for Cooperation
    January 2007, 64 pp

    This 2007 report, based in part on the results of a 2006 IFPA-led multilateral workshop held in Tokyo, Japan, reviews current international efforts to mitigate the potentially devastating effect of a pandemic influenza, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. It also examines the national and military planning efforts of the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea in addressing this emerging crisis, and it explores options for improved multilateral cooperation in disaster response planning.

    Building Multi-party Capacity for a WMD-free Korean Peninsula
    August 2006, 49 pp

    Report of a workshop held on February 17, 2006,in Honolulu, Hawaii. Government officials and foreign-policy experts from the United States, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea, and Australia gathered for a one-day workshop to discuss the six-party talks and to explore options for building regional capacity to implement a denuclearization agreement with North Korea, if and when one is concluded.

    Bulgaria in Europe: Charting a Path toward Reform and Integration
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis, Charles M. Perry, and Monica R.P. d'Assuncao Carlos, April 2006, 151 pp

    This volume explores Bulgaria’s progress in the realms of economic and political reform, as well as its overall strategic and foreign policy priorities, within the context of its desires to contribute as a new NATO member, to join the European Union, and to play a leading role within and beyond Southeast Europe. The point of departure was the Bulgaria in Europe conference, organized by the Kokkalis Program on Southeast and East-Central Europe at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and by the Kokkalis Foundation in Athens, Greece, on July 15, 2002, in Sophia, Bulgaria. Contributors include Bulgaria’s former president, its deputy prime minister, its deputy foreign minister, and distinguished experts from Europe and the United States.

    Strengthening Forces for Democracy in the Middle East: Lessons from the Past & Strategies for the Future
    March 2006, 21 pp

    This report is based on a workshop of the same title convened by the Institute on February 9, 2006, in Washington, D.C., with the generous support of the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation. It assesses the extent to which Cold War lessons in the struggle against Communism have relevance to the war against radical Salafist ideologies and to efforts to establish democracies in the wider Muslim world. The report examines the prospects for democracy in the area spanning North Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. Both the workshop and the report contributed to IFPA's ongoing research focused on post-conflict reconstruction and stability operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and, at the same time, to efforts to inform and help shape U.S. government democratization efforts and public diplomacy strategies.

    Building Multi-Party Capacity for a WMD-Free Korean Peninsula
    June 2005, 50 pp

    Implementing the New Triad: Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Forces in 21st-Century Deterrence
    January 2005, 122 pp

    The Mexican-U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    January 2005, 35 pp

    The Canada-U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    January 2005, 35 pp

    Trilateral Tools for Managing Complex Contingencies: U.S.-Japan-Korea Cooperation in Disaster Relief & Stabilization/Reconstruction Missions
    January 2005, 5 pp

    Planning for and Responding to Threats to the U.S. Homeland
    October 2004, 132 pp

    Coordinating Regional Strategies for a WMD-Free Korea: A Multilateral Dialogue Report
    Guillermo Pinczuk and James Schoff, May 2004, 32 pp

    Nuclear Energy and Science for the 21st Century: Atoms for Peace Plus 50
    January 2004, 74 pp

    Security Planning and Military Transformation after Iraqi Freedom
    December 2003

    WMD Challenges on the Korean Peninsula and New Approaches: A Trilateral Dialogue Report
    July 2003

    Missile Defense and Counterproliferation on the Korean Peninsula: Exploring U.S.-ROK Requirements and Options
    January 2003, 34 pp

    Homeland Security and Special Operations: Sorting Out Procedures, Capabilities, and Operational Issues SOF and Homeland Security Report
    March 2002, 16 pp

    Northeast Asian Security after Korean Reconciliation or Reunification: Preparing the U.S.-Japan Alliance
    February 2002

    National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power
    November 2001, 105 pp

    Expeditionary Solutions for a Gordian World
    March 2001

    National Strategies and Capabilities for a Changing World
    January 2001, 128 pp

    Final Report on Strategic Responsiveness: Early and Continuous Joint Effectiveness-Across the Spectrum
    April 2000

    United States as a 21st Century Aerospace Power
    December 1999, 35 pp

    The Way Ahead for Transatlantic Cooperation: Exploiting Collective Advantages
    January 1999, 33 pp, out of print
    Allied-Central European Workshop on Post-Cold War Concepts of Deterrence
    January 1996, 22 pp, out of print
    Taiwan in a Changing Global Setting
    July 1994, 75 pp

    Allied Planning for Peacekeeping and Conflict Management: Tailoring Military Means to Political Ends
    June 1994, 100 pp

    Proliferation, Theater Missile Defense, and U.S. Security
    January 1994, 44 pp, out of print
    The Korean-U.S. Relationship in an Era of Change: Summary of a Transpacific Dialogue
    July 1993, 38 pp

    Preventing Instability in Post-Cold War Europe: The Institutional Responses of NATO, the WEU, the EC, the CSCE, and the UN
    July 1992, 58 pp

    Security Dynamics on the Korean Peninsula: Implications for Regional Stability and Defense Planning
    June 1992

    Naval Arms Control and Pacific Security in the 1990s
    January 1992, 25 pp

    Change in Europe and the Emergence of New Strategic Priorities: Restructuring Security Arrangements for the 1990s
    December 1991, 45 pp

  • Articles & Presentations

    New Strategic Dynamics in the Arctic Region: Implications for National Security and International Collaboration, article drawn from material in full-length study
    Charles M. Perry and Bobby Andersen
    Atlantisch perspectief [Atlantic Perspective] October 2012

    Statement for the Record on U.S. SOCOM and SOF Futures
    Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis, July 11, 2012

    Testimony before the Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, U.S. Congress hearing.

    NATO after 9/11: A US Perspective
    By Jacquelyn K. Davis, September 2011

    A Fiscal 2012 Missile Defense Agenda
    By the Independent Working Group, February 14, 2011

    A Dangerous Gap in Our Defenses? An EMP Attack Is a Terrible Threat That Could Be Countered Now
    Op-ed by Henry F. Cooper and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    National Review Online, December 14, 2010

    Consensus Building and Peace Regime Building on the Korean Peninsula
    Charles M. Perry and James L. Schoff
    International Journal of Korean Unification Studies 19, no. 1 (June 30, 2010)

    Achieving Strategic and Economic Balance in the Japan-US-China Triangle
    James L. Schoff and Jun Kurihara
    Cambridge Gazette: Politico-Economic Commentaries, no. 4, March 29, 2010

    For Whom Japan's Last Dance Is Saved — China, the United States, or Chimerica?
    Lecture by James L. Schoff
    Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS), Tokyo, Japan, March 29, 2010

    The Road to Better US-North Korea Relations Starts in Seoul
    James L. Schoff

    PacNet, no. 8, February 22, 2010

    Broaching Peace Regime Concepts to Support North Korean Denuclearization
    James L. Schoff

    Produced as part of the Nautilus Institute study, Improving Regional Security and Denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula: U.S. Policy Interests and Options, 2009

    U.S. Extended Deterrence Commitments in East Asia and U.S. Nuclear Posture
    Speech by James L. Schoff
    Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C., June 3, 2009
    U.S.-Japan Alliance and the Future of Extended Deterrence
    Speech by James L. Schoff
    Stanford University Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, May 11, 2009
    China-U.S. Strategic Stability
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Prepared for Nuclear Order — Build or Break, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., April 6, 2009

    Boost-Phase Missile Defense
    Talk by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Boost-Phase Missile Defense: Present Challenges, Future Prospects, seminar at the Capitol Hill Club, Washington, D.C., April 3, 2009

    An Iran with Nuclear Weapons
    Lecture by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Foreign PolicyChallenges for the New Administration: Iran and the Middle East, seminar at the Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, March 6, 2009; Dr. Pfaltzgraff also served as panel moderator

    Does the Nonproliferation Tail Wag the Deterrence Dog?
    James L. Schoff
    PacNet, no. 9, February 5, 2009

    An Alliance in Need of Attention
    Op-ed by Richard J. Samuels and James L. Schoff

    International Herald Tribune, January 22, 2009

    U.S. National Defense Strategy & Security of Japan: U.S. Military Transformation and Beyond
    Speech by James L. Schoff, October 29, 2008, Tokyo, Japan

    The Shoot-Down of the Failing NRO Satellite: Implications for ICBM Missile Defense
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Capitol Hill Forum on Missile Defense: Implications of the February 2008 Satellite Intercept, Washington, D.C., October 9, 2008

    North Korea Goes Nuclear, Again
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, September 2008
    Setting a "Good Example" in Beijing
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, August 2008
    First Things First in the Six-Party Talks: Verify and Implement
    Op-ed on North Korean denuclearization by James L. Schoff
    PacNet #37, July 9, 2008

    Crisis Management: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
    Keynote address by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Athena 08, sponsored by Defense Analysis Institute of the Hellenic Ministry of National Defence, at the Athena 08 Crisis Management International Conference, Athens, Greece, July 2, 2008.

    The Need for Trilateral Cooperation
    By James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, July 2008
    Nuclear Matters in North Korea: U.S. Strategy and the Six-Party Talks
    Speech by James L. Schoff
    Indianapolis World Affairs Council, Indianapolis, Indiana, May 20, 2008.
    Collaboration with NATO on Missile Defense
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.,

    Conference on Missile Defence after the Bucharest NATO Summit: European and American Perspectives, Prague, the Czech Republic, May 5, 2008

    Future Prospects for U.S.-Japan-ROK Coordination
    Speech by James L. Schoff
    Pacific Forum CSIS conference, Changing Notions of National Identity and Implications for U.S.-Japan-ROK Relations, in Honolulu, Hawaii, May 5, 2008.
    Reform Locally, Act Globally? Crisis Management Trends in Korea
    James L. Schoff and Choi Hyun-jin
    KEI's Academic Paper Series, April 2008

    Is the Party Over?
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, April 2008
    Thinking Globally in Seoul
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, March 2008
    A Return to 'Checkbook Diplomacy'?
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, February 2008
    Hedging and the U.S.-Japan Alliance
    Speech by James L. Schoff
    U.S.-Japan Strategic Dialogue, hosted by MIT at the Endicott House, Dedham, Massachusetts, February 20, 2008.
    How to Keep the Six-Party Talks from Failing
    By James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, January 2008
    Reforming Military Support for Foreign Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Assistance
    Charles M. Perry and Marina Travayiakis

    Feature Article in Liaison, Journal of Civil-Military Humanitarian Relief Collaboration, issue 1, 2008

    Enabling Disablement: Some Assembly Required
    Op-ed by James L. Schoff
    PacNet #40a, October 9, 2007

    Mr. Fukuda's Abduction Problem
    James L. Schoff
    Far Eastern Economic Review, October 2007
    Space and Missile Defense
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    To the Federalist Society and held at the National Press Club, Washington, D.C., June 20, 2007

    Weapons in Space
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    To the Boston Council on Foreign Relations, June 18, 2007

    Make the Working Groups Work
    James L. Schoff

    PacNet, no. 10, February 27, 2007

    Transformation of the U.S.-Japan Alliance
    James L. Schoff
    The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 31, no. 1(Winter 2007)

    Abduction Diplomacy and the Six-Party Talks
    James L. Schoff
    Pacific Forum CSIS, April 25, 2006

    Japan-North Korea Relations from an American Perspective
    Speech by James L. Schoff

    16th Diplomatic Roundtable, December 14, 2005, sponsored by the Japan Forum on International Relations (JFIR) / the Global Forum of Japan / the Council on East Asian Community (in Tokyo)

    The Current State of U.S.-Japan Strategic Dialogue: A Strategic Pause, or an Opportunity Slipping Away?
    James L. Schoff

    Sekai Shuho, October 25, 2005

    The 108th Congress: Asia Pacific Policy Outlook
    James L. Schoff
    National Bureau of Asian Research Briefing Paper, no. 11, January 2003