The U.S.-Japan-ROK Strategic Triangle and Maritime Security

Building Capacity in Northeast Asia and in the Broader Indo-Pacific Region

A Trilateral Dialogue Workshop

June 12, 2015

Washington, D.C.

Commentator and Moderator Biographies

Dr. Kang Choi is Vice President for Research and Director of the Center for Foreign Policy and National Security at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies. Previously, he was Dean of Planning and Assessment at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy as well as Professor and Director-General for American Studies at the Institute for Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS) in Seoul, South Korea. Prior to 2008, Dr. Choi was Research Fellow at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA) and Senior Director for Policy Planning and Coordination on the National Security Council Secretariat. He holds advisory board memberships in several organizations, including the South Korean National Assembly’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Unification; the Ministry of National Defense; the Ministry of Unification; the Air Force Development Committee; and the National Unification Advisory Council. Dr. Choi was also a South Korean delegate to the Four-Party Talks. He writes extensively on topics concerning the U.S.-ROK alliance, North Korean military affairs, inter-Korean relations, crisis management, and multilateral security cooperation. Dr. Choi received his B.A. degree from Kyunghee University, an M.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from Ohio State University.

Dr. Patrick Cronin is Senior Advisor and Senior Director of the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS). Previously, he was Senior Director of the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) at the National Defense University, where he simultaneously oversaw the Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs. Prior to leading INSS, Dr. Cronin served as Director of Studies at the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). While there, he also served as Editor of the Adelphi Papers and was Executive Director of the Armed Conflict Database. Before joining IISS, Dr. Cronin was Senior Vice President and Director of Research at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). In 2001, he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to serve as Assistant Administrator for Policy and Program Coordination at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). From 1998 until 2001, Dr. Cronin worked as Director of Research at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Prior to that, he spent seven years at the National Defense University, first arriving at INSS in 1990 as a Senior Research Professor covering Asian and long-range security issues. Dr. Cronin has taught at Georgetown University, The Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Virginia, and he regularly publishes essays in leading publications and frequently conducts television and radio interviews. Dr. Cronin received both his M.Phil. and D.Phil. degrees in International Relations from St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford, and graduated with high honors from the University of Florida.

Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis is Executive Vice-President of the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA). She is an expert on U.S. national security issues, with a focus on military force structure, Allied-coalition planning, defense and deterrence issues, challenges, and concepts, and interagency considerations. Her past work includes assessments written for U.S. government leaders, interagency planners, and NATO partners. Recent publications include a major assessment of the potential impact of an Iran that possesses nuclear weapons and how best to deal with such an eventuality. Entitled Anticipating a Nuclear Iran: Challenges for U.S. Security and co-authored with IFPA president Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., this study was published by Colombia University Press in December 2013. Currently, Dr. Davis is the IFPA lead for a project that explores the challenges of coalition management and escalation control in a multinuclear world. She is also a member of the Chief of Naval Operations' (CNO's) Executive Panel (CEP) and serves on U.S. European Command's (USEUCOM’s) Senior Advisory Group (SAG). Earlier, she was Chair of the Defense Advisory Committee for Women in the Services (DACOWITS) for an unprecedented three terms, and served on U.S. Special Operations Command's (USSOCOM's) Futures Study Group. In 1987, Dr. Davis received the Defense Department's award for outstanding civilian service. She holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. in International Relations from the University of Pennsylvania.

Mr. Brad Glosserman is Executive Director of the Pacific Forum CSIS in Honolulu, a nonprofit, foreign policy research institute affiliated with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C., where he oversees all aspects of Pacific Forum activities, including conferences, fellowships, publications, and administration. Mr. Glosserman is also co-editor of Comparative Connections, the Pacific Forum’s quarterly electronic journal, editor of The Future of U.S.-Korea-Japan Relations: Balancing Values and Interests (2004), and has written dozens of monographs on U.S. foreign policy and Asian security relations, currently completing a manuscript on the impact of the March 11, 2011 “triple catastrophe” on Japan. He is a frequent participant in U.S. State Department visiting lecture programs and speaks at conferences, research institutes, and universities around the world. He is also the English-language editor of the journal of the New Asia Research Institute (NARI) in Seoul, South Korea. Prior to joining the Pacific Forum, Mr. Glosserman was, for 10 years, a member of the Japan Times editorial board, writing a weekly column on technology, and he continues to serve as a contributing editor for the newspaper. While in Japan, he also was a lecturer on Japanese politics at the Institute for the International Education of Students. Mr. Glosserman has a J.D. from George Washington University, an M.A. from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and a B.A. from Reed College.

Mr. Peter Hemsch is Deputy Director in the Office of Japanese Affairs at the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. He has held this position since 2013. Prior to that, he served as Deputy Office Director for Regional Security and Arms Transfer in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs at the Department of State. Mr. Hemsch’s other positions with the State Department include work as Country Officer for Indonesia, East Timor, and the Philippines in the Office for Indonesia and East Timor Affairs as well as the Office for Maritime Southeast Asian Affairs, both at the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. He was also Special Assistant in the Office of the Secretary at the Department of State.

Dr. James Holmes is Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College and Senior Fellow at the University of Georgia’s School of Public and International Affairs. He is a former U.S. Navy surface warfare officer and combat veteran of the first Gulf War. Previously, Dr. Holmes has been a Visiting Scholar at National Chengchi University in Taiwan and the Institute for Defense Studies & Analyses in India. He has also testified before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission and has published over 25 book chapters and 150 scholarly essays, along with hundreds of opinion columns, think-tank analyses, and other works. His most recent books include Strategy in the Second Nuclear Age and Red Star over the Pacific, which has been named to the Navy Professional Reading List as Essential Reading. He wrote as the Naval Diplomat in The Diplomat magazine from 2012 to 2015, and is an occasional contributor to Foreign Policy, The National Interest, War on the Rocks, CNN, and the U.S. Naval Institute’s Proceedings magazine. From 2001 to 2007, he was the staff foreign affairs columnist for the Athens (Ga.) Banner-Herald. Dr. Holmes received a B.A. in Mathematics and German from Vanderbilt University and completed graduate work at Salve Regina University (M.A., International Relations) and Providence College (M.A., Mathematics). He holds an M.A. in Law and Diplomacy and a Ph.D. in International Affairs from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

Dr. Van Jackson is a Visiting Fellow at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) and a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, researching the intersection of Asian security, strategy, and military trends. He is also Visiting Scholar and Adjunct Assistant Professor with the Asian Studies Program at Georgetown University. Dr. Jackson has testified before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, and is the author of the forthcoming book Rival Reputations: Coercion and Credibility in U.S.-North Korea Relations. From 2009 to 2014, Dr. Jackson held positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) as a Strategist and Policy Adviser on the Asia-Pacific, Senior Country Director for Korea, and Working Group Chair of the U.S.–Republic of Korea Extended Deterrence Policy Committee. In 2014, he was also appointed as a Track II Adviser to the Alliance Vision Group, headed by the State Department’s Office of Policy Planning and South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 2009 to 2012, Dr. Jackson advised the White House and Secretary of Defense on crisis management through two Korean Peninsula crises, represented the Department in negotiations with North Korea addressing its nuclear program, and helped establish the first extended deterrence consultation mechanisms with South Korea and Japan. He is the recipient of multiple awards in OSD, including the Exceptional Civilian Service Medal. Dr. Jackson holds a Ph.D. in World Politics from the Catholic University of America. He began his career in the U.S. Air Force as a Korean linguist and intelligence analyst.

Dr. Ken Jimbo is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University. He is concurrently a Senior Research Fellow the Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) and the Tokyo Foundation (TKFD). He also serves as a Director, Board of Directors, Civic Force, a Visiting Fellow at the Genron NPO, and a member of International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). His main research fields are in international security, Japan-U.S. security relations, Japanese foreign and defense policy, multilateral security in Asia-Pacific, and regionalism in East Asia. He has been a policy advisor at various Japanese governmental commissions and research groups including at the Cabinet Office, the Ministry of Defense, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. His recent books and articles include, "US Rebalancing to the Asia-Pacific: A Japanese Perspective,” in William Tow and Douglas Stuart eds., The New US Strategy towards Asia: Adapting to the American Pivot (London: Routledge, 2015); Ken JIMBO ed., Regional Security Architecture in the Asia-Pacific, Tokyo Foundation (2010) (in Japanese: Ajia Taiheiyo no Chiiki Anzen Hosho Ahkitekucha).

Dr. Jina Kim is Associate Research Fellow at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA). Her research areas include U.S.-North Korea relations, nuclear nonproliferation, and Northeast Asian security. In addition, she provides advice to the ROK Ministry of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on security issues and inter-Korean relations. Dr. Kim has also taught seminars on humanitarian intervention at Yonsei University and on nuclear nonproliferation at Tufts University. Previously, she worked for the South Korean National Assembly, UNESCO, and the BBC. Her recent publications include “Dynamics of the UN Human Rights Mechanism and Implications of the UNGA Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in North Korea” in Defense Policy Study (2015), “UN Sanctions as an Instrument of Coercive Diplomacy against North Korea,” in Korean Journal of Defense Analysis (2014), The North Korean Nuclear Weapons Crisis (2014), “U.S. Rebalancing toward Asia Revisited: Implications for U.S.-China Competition,” in Maritime Security and Governance (2014), “Sources and Objectives of DPRK Foreign Policy,” in The North Korea Crisis and Regional Responses (2014), and “An Analysis of Political Instability in the DPRK: Identity, Interest, and Leader-Elite Relations,” in Korean Journal of Defense Analysis (2013), among others. Dr. Kim holds a Ph.D. in International Relations from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

VADM Yoji Koda, JMSDF (Ret.), is an Advisor to the National Security Secretariat of Japan and former Commander-in-Chief of the Self-Defense Fleet. He is a graduate of the Japan Defense Academy (1972), JMSDF Staff College (1987), and the U.S. Naval War College (1992). As a surface warfare officer, VADM Koda served as Commander of the JS Sawayuki (DD-125), Destroyer Flotilla Three, and later as Chief of Staff and Commander, Fleet Escort Force at sea. His shore duties include positions serving as Director General for Plans and Operations in the Maritime Staff, Director General of the Joint Staff, and Commandant of the Sasebo JMSDF District in Western Japan. VADM Koda retired from JMSDF as Commander-in-Chief of the Self-Defense Fleet in 2008. Following that, from June 2009 to July 2011, he worked as Research Fellow at Harvard University’s Asia Center where he focused on the U.S.-Japan Alliance and Chinese Naval Strategy. VADM Koda has written widely on maritime and strategic affairs and Japanese military history. His most recent articles include: “The Russo-Japanese War: Primary Causes of Japanese Success,” U.S. Naval War College Press, 2005, “Japanese Perspectives on China’s Rise as a Naval Power,” Harvard Asia Quarterly, 2010, and “A New Carrier Race: Strategy, Force Planning and the JS Hyuga,” U.S. Naval War College, summer 2011.

Mr. Tetsuo Kotani is a Senior Fellow at the Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA). He also lectures at Hosei University and JMSDF Command and Staff College in Tokyo, Japan. In addition, Mr. Kotani works as Nonresident Senior Research Fellow at the Research Institute for Peace and Security (RIPS) in Tokyo, and as International Advisor to the Project 2049 Institute in Arlington, VA. Previously, he was a Visiting Scholar in the Japan Chair program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). His research focuses on the U.S.-Japan alliance and maritime security. Mr. Kotani received a security studies fellowship from RIPS for 2006-2008, and he won the 2003 Japanese Defense Minister Prize. He has published numerous articles in English and Japanese, and his recent English language publications include "U.S.-Japan Joint Maritime Strategy: Balancing the Rise of Maritime China" (CSIS, March 2014). He is currently preparing his first book on maritime security. Mr. Kotani received a Master of Arts degree from Doshisha University.

Dr. Chung Min Lee is a Nonresident Senior Associate in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Dr. Lee is also Professor of International Relations at Yonsei University’s Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS) and was appointed by South Korean President Park Geun-hye as Ambassador for National Security Affairs in June 2013. He specializes in security issues in Northeast Asia, including strategic developments on the Korean peninsula. From 2010 to 2011, he served as Ambassador for International Security Affairs and prior to that, from 2009 to 2011, he was a member of the president’s foreign policy advisory council. Dr. Lee has taught at the Graduate Research Institute for Policy Studies in Tokyo, Japan, the University of Sydney and Murdoch University in Australia, and at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. He was a Policy Analyst at the RAND Corporation from 1995 to 1998 and a Visiting Research Fellow at the National Institute for Defense Studies in Tokyo from 1994 to 1995. Dr. Lee has written extensively on Asian and Korean security issues and is the author of an upcoming book on Asia’s strategic fault lines that explores the implications of political and military developments in the region. His current research also focuses on regional responses to China’s rise. He received a B.A. degree from Yonsei University and his MALD and Ph.D. degrees from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

Dr. Junya Nishino is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Law and Politics, at Keio University in Tokyo, Japan. In 2012-2013, he was a Japan Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Visiting Scholar at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies, George Washington University. Prior to that, from 2011 to 2012, he was an Exchange Scholar at the Harvard-Yenching Institute in Cambridge, MA. Dr. Nishino’s research focuses on contemporary Korean politics, international relations in East Asia, and Japan-Korea relations. Previously, he served as Special Analyst on Korean Affairs in the Intelligence and Analysis Service of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2007, and was Special Assistant on Korean Politics at the Japanese Embassy in Seoul between 2002 and 2004. Dr. Nishino received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Keio University, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from Yonsei University in South Korea.

Dr. Kongdan “Katy” Oh is a Research Staff Member at the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) in Alexandria, Virginia and Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. She has held these positions since 1997. Previously, she worked as Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation and has also lectured at a number of universities. Dr. Oh is co-founder and former Co-director of The Korea Club of Washington, D.C. and she currently co-chairs the Board of Directors of the Sejong Society in Washington, D.C. She is co-author of North Korea through the Looking Glass (2000) and The Hidden People of North Korea (2009). The second edition of The Hidden People of North Korea was published in April 2015. Her recent articles include “The United States between Japan and Korea,” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, June 2010, “Kim Jong-un Inherits the Bomb,” International Journal of Korean Unification Studies, 2011, “Military Confrontation,” Joint Force Quarterly, February 2012, “The ROK President of 2013-2018: Who Should Lead the Nation at This Critical Time?” Journal of East Asian Affairs, Spring/Summer 2012, and “The Costs and Benefits of Korean Unification for the United States,” in an edited book by the Korea Institute for National Unification, December 2013. From 2013 to 2014, Dr. Oh served as Task Leader in the U.S. and Japanese governments’ negotiations to revise the U.S.-Japan guidelines for bilateral defense cooperation. Dr. Oh received a B.A. degree from Sogang University and an M.A. degree from Seoul National University. She subsequently earned an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Asian Studies from the University of California, Berkeley.

CAPT Bonji Ohara, JMSDF (Ret.), is Research Fellow and Project Manager at The Tokyo Foundation, based in Tokyo, Japan. He graduated from the National Defense Academy of Japan in 1985 and completed a Master’s degree program at the University of Tsukuba in 1998. Mr. Ohara became the leading pilot of the 101st flight division, Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, in 1998, and subsequently, in 2001, he enrolled in the General Course of the National Institute for Defense Studies. Between 2003 and 2006, Mr. Ohara was stationed in China as a Naval Attaché and became Chief of the intelligence section, MSDF Military Staff Office, in 2006. He served as Executive Officer of the 21st air squadron, MSDF, in 2008, and as Commanding Officer of the squadron the following year. Mr. Ohara joined the National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS) as Research Fellow in 2010, and beginning in 2011 worked at IHS Jane’s as Analyst and Business Development Manager before assuming his present position in January 2013.

Dr. Charles Perry is Vice President and Director of Studies of the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA). He has written extensively on a variety of national and international security issues, especially with respect to U.S. defense policy and homeland security, regional security dynamics, alliance relations, civil-military coordination, and nonproliferation. Principal areas of current research and analysis include strategic dynamics in the Asia-Pacific region, future defense priorities for NATO, security developments in the Arctic region, and U.S. global force posture requirements in the post-9/11 security setting. Recent publications of note include Managing the Global Impact of America’s Rebalance to Asia (2014), New Strategic Dynamics in the Arctic Region: Implications for National Security and International Collaboration (2012), A Comprehensive Approach to Combating Illicit Trafficking (2010); Finding the Right Mix: Disaster Diplomacy, National Security, and International Cooperation (2009); and Nuclear Matters in North Korea: Building a Multilateral Response for Future Stability in Northeast Asia (2008). Dr. Perry holds an M.A. in International Affairs, an M.A. in Law and Diplomacy, and a Ph.D. in International Politics from The Fletcher School at Tufts University.

Mr. James Schoff is Senior Associate in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on U.S.-Japanese relations and regional engagement, Japanese politics and security, and the private sector’s role in Japanese policymaking. Previously, Mr. Schoff served as Senior Adviser for East Asia Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense where he was responsible for strategic planning and policy development for relations with Japan and the Republic of Korea. He also spearheaded trilateral initiatives and regional security cooperation issues, including missile defense, disaster relief, and maritime security, and was subsequently awarded the Department of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service. From 2003 to 2010, Mr. Schoff directed Asia-Pacific studies at IFPA in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he specialized in East Asian security issues, U.S. alliance relations in the region, and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, focused on North Korea. Prior to joining IFPA, he served as Program Officer in charge of policy studies at the United States-Japan Foundation in New York. Mr. Schoff has authored a number of publications on East Asian security and foreign policy issues, including In Times of Crisis: U.S.-Japan Civil-Military Disaster Relief Coordination (2009), and Tools for Trilateralism: Improving U.S.-Japan-Korea Cooperation to Manage Complex Contingencies (2005), among others. He holds a B.A degree from Duke University and an M.A. in International Relations from The Johns Hopkins University.

Ambassador David Shear is U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs, with responsibility for defense and security policy in the Asia-Pacific region. Prior to his confirmation in July 2014, Ambassador Shear served for 32 years in the Foreign Service, most recently as U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam. He has also served in Sapporo, Beijing, Tokyo, and Kuala Lumpur, where he was Deputy Chief of Mission from 2005 to 2008. In Washington, D.C., he has served in the Offices of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean Affairs and as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Department of State (DOS). From 2009 to 2011, Ambassador Shear was Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs at DOS, and prior to that, he served as Director of the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs from 2008 to 2009. Ambassador Shear was a Rusk Fellow at Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy in the period 1998-99. He is the recipient of the State Department’s Superior Honor Award and the Defense Department’s Civilian Meritorious Service Award for his work in U.S.-Japan defense relations. Ambassador Shear graduated from Earlham College and earned his Master of Arts degree in International Relations and Asian Studies from The Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. In addition, he has attended Waseda University in Japan, Taiwan National University, and Nanjing University in China. He and his wife Barbara have a first-degree rank in the practice of Kendo, or Japanese fencing. Ambassador Shear also speaks Chinese and Japanese.

Dr. Beomchul Shin is Director-General for Policy Planning at the Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He has held this post since 2013. Before joining the Ministry, Dr. Shin was Head of the North Korean Military Studies Research Division at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA) in 2010. Prior to that, from 2009 to 2010, he worked closely with the Minister of National Defense of Korea as Senior Policy Advisor. He has also served in many advisory positions in government, including at the South Korean National Security Council, the Office of the President, and the National Assembly’s Foreign Affairs and Unification Committee. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors at the Korean Society of International Law. Dr. Shin has published a number of articles on the U.S.-Korea alliance and Northeast Asian politics and security, and is also the author of several books on law and security, including North Korean Military: A Secret Report (2013) and International Law and the Use of Force (2008). Dr. Shin received his B.A. degree from Chungnam National University and completed his graduate studies at the Seoul National University School of Law. He received his J.S.D. (Doctor of Judicial Science) from Georgetown University’s Law Center in 2007.