U.S.-Japan Peacebuilding Cooperation: Roles and Recommendations

March 31–April 1, 2012

Osaka, Japan

Workshop Agenda

Session 1
Session 2
Session 3
Session 4
  • Session 2

    Japanese and U.S. Peacebuilding Approaches: Norms and Institutions

    This session addressed the normative background of peacebuilding in Japan and the United States as well as the institutional cultures in each country. What are each country's main objectives regarding peacebuilding operations? What approaches do they tend to stress? What are the likely peacebuilding trends over the long term? What are the institutional strengths and weaknesses of each ally as they relate to peacebuilding operations? How well does each country maximize its resources in the field? How well is interagency coordination and a whole-of-government approach being implemented in each country?

    Ishikawa Sachiko, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
    Sato Mio, Cabinet Office (Japan)
    Alix Boucher, National Defense University (NDU)

  • Session 2

    Case Studies: Examining Peacebuilding Operations in South Sudan, Timor-Leste and Afghanistan

    Afghanistan, Timor-Leste and, more recently South Sudan, provide important case studies in post-conflict reconstruction efforts conducted by Japan and the United States. Experts from both countries assessed the current status of peacebuilding operations in the field and highlight any lessons learned that could be applied to future operations, particularly those that could be jointly coordinated by Japan and the United States.

    Alix Boucher, NDU
    Uesugi Yuji, Hiroshima University

  • Session 3

    The U.S.-Japan Alliance and Peacebuilding Cooperation

    Expanding U.S.-Japan alliance cooperation beyond traditional roles and missions will require institutional mechanisms to facilitate bilateral coordination in peacebuilding operations. This session addressed the critical question, "Should peacebuilding really be an added dimension of the bilateral alliance?" from the perspectives of the alliance managers and the peacebuilding functionalists on both sides of the Pacific. The session was divided into two sub-sessions:

    1. Functionality and feasibility

      This session examined the current structural mechanisms in bilateral alliance management and identified areas where institutional changes are necessary, and what kind of changes at what level of decision making they might be in order to facilitate and support enhanced cooperation in peacebuilding missions.

      Kawakami Takeshi, Takushoku University
    2. International Context

      This session took a sober look at whether the U.S.-Japan alliance is a useful contribution to international post-conflict reconstruction operations. What does the bilateral alliance bring to the table that other nations or multilateral efforts do not? In order to maximize the potential of the bilateral alliance in international peace building, and presuming that the present alliance mechanism is not necessarily geared toward cooperation in peace building, how should the character of the alliance change from the present?

      Katahara Eiichi, National Institute for Defense Studies (Japan)
      Philip Shetler-Jones, European External Action Service
      Lam Peng Er, East Asian Institute, NUS
      Satoh Haruko, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP
  • Session 4

    Recommendations and Principles for Bilateral Peacebuilding Cooperation

    In this session, workshop participants engaged in an open discussion aimed at developing a list of at least ten policy recommendations or principles for bilateral peacebuilding cooperation. Participants were encouraged to think about practical policy recommendations for achieving a whole-of-alliance approach to peacebuilding and to identify areas where the two allies can best maximize and harmonize their peacebuilding operations in the field. Policy recommendations will be distributed to policy makers in both countries as part of a final project report.