A Comprehensive Approach to Combating Illicit Trafficking

September 28–29, 2009

Geneva, Switzerland

Workshop Agenda

Organized by IFPA and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, with the support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA).

Session 1 & Dinner
Session 2 & Luncheon
Session 3
Session 4 & Conclusion
  • Session 1 & Dinner

    This session is designed as a “big picture” session, framing the overall problem of illicit trafficking in its many guises and highlighting the primary arguments in favor of adopting a comprehensive approach that would coordinate more effectively the various contributions of individual intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and other stakeholders trying to combat illicit trafficking.


    • Ms. Katharina Vögeli, Deputy Director, GCSP
    • Dr. Charles Perry, Vice-President and Director of Studies, IFPA

    Opening remarks: Mr. Antonio Maria Costa, UN Under-Secretary General, Director-General of the UN Office in Vienna, and Executive Director, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

    Initial responses: 

    • Mr. Guy Roberts, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy and Director, Nuclear Policy Planning Directorate at NATO
    • Mr. Pierre Cléostrate, Principal Administrator, Security Policy Unit, Directorate-General for External Relations, European Commission
    • Mr. Henry Bolton, Senior Border Advisor, OSCE

    General Discussion

    Reception and Dinner

    Keynote Speaker: Ambassador Dr. Jean-Jacques de Dardel, Head of the Swiss Mission to NATO and Ambassador of Switzerland to the Kingdom of Belgium

  • Session 2 & Luncheon

    Session 2 (Part 1: )Institutional Responses to Trafficking Challenges: Strategies, Capabilities, and Networks

    In this session, several individual IGO representatives will give brief, focused presentations on their strategies and capabilities for combating specific types of illicit trafficking. The goal is to develop a better sense of the individual parts of the larger trafficking problem—and a clearer understanding of what specific IGOs and other stakeholders can bring to the table—before talking about how (and to what degree) these separate organizations and their assets might be reassembled and more closely coordinated in support of a more comprehensive approach.

    Chair: Dr. Khalid Koser, Director, New Issues in Security Course, GCSP

    Anti-trafficking to be examined by type of trafficking challenge, including:

    • Trafficking in CBRN materials (and WMD proliferation): Dr. Francesco Marelli, Deputy Head, Security Governance/Counter-Terrorism Laboratory, UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI); Mr. Nicolas Kasprzyk, Group of Experts, UN 1540 Committee; Dr. Anita Birgitta Nilsson, Director of Nuclear Security, Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, IAEA
    • Drug trafficking: Mr. Tim Manhire, Executive Director, Maritime Analysis and Operations Centre-Narcotics (MAOC-N); Dr. Doris Buddenberg, Senior Manager, Anti-Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Unit, UNODC
    • Human trafficking: Dr. Doris Buddenberg, UNODC; Mr. Roger Plant, Head, Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour, ILO
    • Money laundering/counterfeiting: Mr. Norberto Birchler, Director, ARIF; Ms. Louise van Greunen, Deputy Director for Enforcement and Special Projects, WIPO
    • Trafficking in conventional arms/SALW: Ms. Christiane Agboton Johnson, Deputy Director, UNIDIR

    Session 2 (Part 2): Institutional Responses to Trafficking Challenges: Strategies, Capabilities, and Networks

    Chair: Professor Steven Haines, Head, Security and Law Programme, GCSP

    Anti-trafficking examined by trafficking method/modality:

    • Air: Mr. John Edwards, Head of Cargo Security, International Air Transport Association (IATA)
    • Maritime: RADM Jacques de Solms, Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, JFC-Naples
    • Overland: Mr. Henry Bolton, Senior Border Advisor, OSCE


    Luncheon keynote speaker: Ambassador Robert G. Joseph, former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security; Senior Scholar, National Institute for Public Policy

  • Session 3

    Priorities and Opportunities for Enhanced Coordination

    Based in part session 2 presentations, this session will zero in on specific functional and operational sectors where there is both an opportunity to pursue greater cross-organizational collaboration and a real utility in doing so. IGO representatives and other stakeholders with a special expertise/interest in the functional and operational sectors outlined below will offer some opening comments to trigger broader discussion. Key questions to discuss include the following: How can existing IGO assets and infrastructure be leveraged more effectively across a broad range of trafficking challenges? Where are the most troubling weaknesses and/or capability gaps in anti-trafficking operations? What policy initiatives and mechanisms for cooperation would help most? Where can technology improvements have the greatest impact?     

    Chair: Dr. Jacquelyn Davis, Executive Vice President, IFPA

    Opening comments: Mr. Tony Foley, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Counterproliferation

    Issue areas and operational sectors to review include:

    • Strengthening information sharing, IT networking, legal mechanisms, and law enforcement capabilities: Mr. Ralph Markert, Assistant Director, Global Security Initiative, INTERPOL; Mr. Roberto Codesal, Senior Project Manager, organized Crime Unit, EUROPOL
    • Information sharing as a response to covert nuclear trade: Mr. Matti Tarvainen, Unit Head, Nuclear Trade and Technology, Department of Safeguards, IAEA
    • Improving prevention, protection and prophylactic measures: Dr. Daniel Lavanchy, Coordinator, Programme for Bio-Risk Reduction, WHO; Dr. Wim Pelgrim, Chargé de Mission, World organization for Animal Health; Ms. Anja Klug, Senior Legal Officer, Division of International Protection Services, UNHCR
    • Infrastructure and capacity-building to support policy coordination and cooperative operations (e.g., at both the regional and global levels): Mr. Jarmo Sareva, Director, UN Disarmament Office in Geneva; Mr.Malik Ellahi, Head, Government Relations and Political Affairs, OPCW
    • Plans and capabilities for managing the consequences when prevention fails (consequence management and recovery): Mr. Christopher Lamb, Special Advisor, IFRC
  • Session 4

    Setting the Agenda for a Comprehensive Approach

    Building on session 3’s discussion of basic areas and opportunities for enhanced collaboration, this session will seek to identify more precisely a number of realistic steps that could be taken to lay the groundwork for a comprehensive approach that would help to coordinate IGO and other stakeholder efforts in support of common anti-trafficking requirements and objectives.

    Chair: Mr. Guy Roberts, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy and Director, Nuclear Policy Planning Directorate at NATO

    Roundtable discussion opened with comments by Mr. Guy Roberts, NATO; Mr. Michael Schmitz, Director, Compliance and Facilitation, WCO; and Mr. Richard Danziger, Head, Counter Trafficking, IOM 

    Topics to discuss:   

    • Building a list of key contacts and capabilities
    • Cross-referencing and integrating data banks
    • Establishing additional strategic partnerships 
    • Thinking about joint training and exercises (e.g. civil-military, interagency, cross-organizational, etc.)
    • Future opportunities for R&D collaboration
    • Moving toward a multi-layered and coordinated response network (for prevention, detection, disruption/interdiction, and consequence management)

    Concluding Remarks

    Ambassador Dr. Fred Tanner, Director, GCSP
    Dr. Charles Perry, Vice President and Director of Studies, IFPA