IFPA-Fletcher School Symposium on New Dynamics in Japanese Security Policy

March 31, 2015

Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Key Speakers

Mr. David Helvey is Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for East Asia in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs. He has held this post since December 2012. Mr. Helvey’s prior assignments in the Office of the Secretary of Defense include Principal Director for East Asia; Country Director for China; Director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolia; and Senior Advisor for China Policy and Integration. From August 1998 to October 2004, Mr. Helvey was assigned to the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) as a China military-political affairs analyst in the Office of China and East Asia. During that time, from June 2003 to October 2004, Mr. Helvey served as DIA’s Senior Intelligence Analyst for China military-political affairs. While assigned to DIA, Mr. Helvey also performed tours in OSD/ISA and the Joint Staff J2 (Intelligence). From September 1996 to August 1998, Mr. Helvey worked as a policy analyst with ANSER, Inc.’s congressional analysis team, where his duties included research and analytic support to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) Power Projection Division. Mr. Helvey graduated from American University with an M.A. in U.S. foreign policy in 1996 and earned his B.A. in political science from West Virginia University in 1994.

Dr. Ken Jimbo is Assistant Professor on the faculty of policy management at Keio University in Tokyo, Japan, where he specializes in international and Asian-Pacific security issues, U.S. defense policy, and regionalization in East Asia. Dr. Jimbo is also Visiting Research Fellow at the Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA), Visiting Lecturer at the National Defense Academy in Japan, and a member of the Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy's Special Board of Inquiry for Examining “Japan's 21st Century Vision.” Previously, Dr. Jimbo was Visiting Lecturer at the University of Tokyo’s Institute of Oriental Culture and Director of Research at the Japan Forum on International Relations (JFIR). He has authored a number of publications, including "Rethinking Japanese Security: New Concepts in Deterrence and Defense," in Benjamin Self and Jeff Thompson, eds., Japan's Nuclear Option: Security, Politics, and Policy in the 21st Century (Henry L. Stimson Center, 2003); “Emerging Features of Multilateral Security in the Asia-Pacific: From ‘Double-Track’ to ‘Multi-Layered’ Mechanism,” in Global Economic Review, vol. 32, no. 3, 2003; “ARF and Asia-Pacific Multilateral Security,” in EurAsia Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 2, February 2003; and “A Japanese Perspective on Missile Defense and Strategic Coordination,” in Non-Proliferation Review, Summer 2002. Dr. Jimbo holds a Ph.D. in media and governance from Keio University.

Dr. Takashi Kawakami is President of the Institute of World Studies, Takushoku University, and Professor at the Graduate School of Takushoku University in Japan. He specializes in U.S. foreign policy, East Asian security issues, and U.S.-Japan relations. Previously, Dr. Kawakami worked as Senior Research Fellow at the National Institute for Defense Studies, a policy research arm of Japan’s Ministry of Defense. In addition, Dr. Kawakami has served as Professor at Hokuriku University, Professor and Senior Research Fellow at the Japan Defense Agency, Visiting Senior Fellow at RAND Corporation, and as Councilor for Kanagawa prefecture and Senior Advisor at the Foreign Policy Section of Japan’s House of Councilors. He is the author of Collective Security and the U.S.-Japan Treaty (2013), What Is the U.S.-Japan Alliance (2011), The USA in the Modern World (2009), U.S. Base Realignment and Security Cooperation (2008), U.S. Forward Deployment and the U.S.-Japan Alliance (2004), and The U.S. Strategy toward Japan (2001). Other publications of note include “How to Revise the New U.S.-Japan Guidelines,” LDP newsletter, September 2013; “How Japan’s 3.11 Earthquake Affected the U.S.-Japan Alliance,” JIJI Press, September 2011; and “Assertive Rising China and the U.S.-Japan Alliance,” Takushoku University, January 2011. Dr. Kawakami holds a Master of Law degree from Kyoto Sangyo University and a Ph.D. from the Osaka School of International Public Policy at Osaka University.

Professor Satoshi Morimoto is Professor and National Security and Defense Policy Specialist at Takushoku University, where he has worked since 2005. From June to December 2012, he served as Japan’s eleventh Minister of Defense. Prior to 2005, Professor Morimoto was Lecturer at Keio University, University of the Sacred Heart, and Chuo University, as well as Senior Researcher at Nomura Research Institute in Tokyo, Japan. Before that, Professor Morimoto held a number of positions in the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including Director of the Consular and Migration Policy Division, Director of the Security Policy Division in the Bureau of Information Analysis, Research and Planning, Counselor at the Japanese Embassy in Nigeria, and First Secretary at the Japanese Embassy in the United States. He was also a Senior Fellow at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and Senior Guest Researcher at the Brookings Institution. Prior to joining the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Professor Morimoto served in the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, from 1965 until 1979. He graduated from the National Defense Academy in 1965.

Dr. Andrew L. Oros is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of International Studies at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland. A specialist in the international and comparative politics of East Asia, he is the author of Normalizing Japan: Politics, Identity, and the Evolution of Security Practice (Stanford University Press, 2008) and co-author of Global Security Watch: Japan (Praeger Press, 2010). In addition, Dr. Oros has published numerous articles on Japanese politics and East Asian security. From January to August 2014, Dr. Oros was on sabbatical leave at the East-West Center in Washington, D.C., where he was completing a book manuscript, Japan’s Security Renaissance, based in part on research conducted as a visiting research fellow at Japan’s National Institute of Defense Studies and as a Japan Foundation Abe fellow at Keio University in Tokyo and Peking University in Beijing. He earned his Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University.

Mr. Ian E. Rinehart is an Analyst in Asian Affairs at the Congressional Research Service (CRS), where he focuses on Japan, the Korean Peninsula, Malaysia, and security issues in East Asia. He was recently a Japan Studies visiting fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, D.C., and has also worked at the research consultancy Washington Core, the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo, and the Social Science Research Council. Mr. Rinehart is the author of “Collective Self-Defense and U.S.-Japan Security Cooperation” (East-West Center working paper, 2013) and co-author of Ballistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and Opposition (Congressional Research Service, 2013) and The U.S. Military Presence in Okinawa and the Futenma Base Controversy (Congressional Research Service, 2014). He received an M.A. in security policy studies from the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs and a B.A. in international relations from Pomona College.

Dr. Sheila A. Smith, an expert on Japanese politics and foreign policy, is Senior Fellow for Japan Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), where her current research focuses on how geostrategic change in Asia is shaping Japan’s strategic choices. She is the author of Intimate Rivals: Japanese Domestic Politics and a Rising China (2015) and Japan’s New Politics and the U.S.-Japan Alliance (2014). In the fall of 2014, Dr. Smith began a new project on Northeast Asian nationalisms and alliance management. She is a regular contributor to the CFR blog Asia Unbound and a frequent contributor to major media outlets in the United States and Asia. Dr. Smith joined CFR from the East-West Center in 2007, where she directed a multinational research team in a cross-national study of the domestic politics of the U.S. military presence in Japan, South Korea, and the Philippines. She was also a visiting scholar at Keio University in 2007–08, where she researched Japan’s foreign policy toward China. Dr. Smith has been a visiting researcher at the Japan Institute of International Affairs and the Research Institute for Peace and Security, as well as at the University of Tokyo and the University of the Ryukyus. She serves as Vice Chair of the U.S. advisors to the U.S.-Japan Conference on Cultural and Educational Exchange (CULCON), a bi-national advisory panel of government officials and private sector members. She also teaches as an adjunct professor at the Asian Studies Department of Georgetown University and serves on the board of its Journal of Asian Affairs. Dr. Smith earned her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the department of political science at Columbia University.

Mr. Hideshi Tokuchi entered the Japan Defense Agency (JDA) in 1979 and has served as Vice-Minister for International Affairs in Japan’s Ministry of Defense since July 2014. As such, he oversees negotiations with the U.S. Department of Defense on revising bilateral defense cooperation guidelines. Before assuming his current post, he completed several senior assignments at the Ministry of Defense, including as Director-General of the Operations Bureau, of the Personnel and Education Bureau, of the Finance and Equipment Bureau, and, most recently, of the Defense Policy Bureau. From July 1995 to November 1996, Mr. Tokuchi was a visiting research fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) at the U.S. National Defense University (NDU) in Washington, D.C. He has also taught courses on Japan’s defense policy at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) since summer 2002 as well as at Aoyama Gakuin University since fall 2006. Mr. Tokuchi earned an M.A. in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, in 1986.

Lieutenant General Noboru Yamaguchi, JGSDF (Ret.), recently retired as Director for International Programs and Professor of Military History and Strategy at the National Defense Academy of Japan, where he had worked since April 2009. He graduated from the National Defense Academy in 1974, majoring in Applied Physics, and originally trained as an army aviator, flying mainly helicopters. LTG Yamaguchi received an M.A. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, in 1988, and was a National Security Fellow at Harvard University’s John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies in 1991–92. He has held positions as Senior Defense Attaché at the Japanese Embassy in the United States, Deputy Commandant of the JGSDF Aviation School, and Vice President of the National Institute for Defense Studies. In addition, LTG Yamaguchi held responsibilities as Commanding General of the JGSDF Research and Development Command from 2006 until his retirement from active duty in December 2008. After the Great East Japan Earthquake, LTG Yamaguchi served in the Prime Minister’s Office as Special Adviser to the Cabinet for Crisis Management until September 2011. His recent publications include “An Unexpected Encounter with Hybrid Warfare: The Japanese Experience in North China, 1937–1945,” in Hybrid Warfare (Cambridge University, 2012) and “Balancing Threat Perceptions and Strategic Priorities: Japan’s Post-war Defense Policy,” in Alessio Patalano, ed., Maritime and National Security in Japan and Britain: From the First Alliance to Post 9/11 (Global Oriental, 2012).

Mr. Joseph M. Young is a Foreign Service Officer and Director for Japanese Affairs in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (EAP) at the U.S. Department of State. He has held this post since August 2014. Previously, Mr. Young was Deputy Foreign Policy Advisor at U.S. Pacific Command and Political-Military Unit Chief at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. From 2004 until 2007, he served as Political-Economic Section Chief at the U.S. Embassy in Dublin, Ireland, and was Aviation Negotiations Officer in the State Department’s Economics Bureau prior to 2004. Mr. Young studied Japanese, Chinese, and Swahili at the Foreign Service Institute and has held positions as Economics Affairs Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing and Political Affairs Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi. He began his career in 1991 as a Consular Affairs Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Singapore. Mr. Young holds a master’s degree in foreign service from Georgetown University and a bachelor’s degree in classics from Borromeo College.