Defense Planning & Procurement

Following are all current, recent, and past IFPA projects, publications, conferences, workshops, articles, and presentations about defense planning and procurement.

research
publications
events
articles &
presentations
  • Research

    Independent Working Group on Missile Defense

    As part of IFPA's missile defense program, the Independent Working Group ( IWG ) on Post-ABM Treaty Missile Defense and the Space Relationship is exploring missile defense architectures that include space-based systems.

     
    Managing the Global Impact of America’s Rebalance to Asia

    The principal drivers behind America's rebalance toward Asia are Asia's growing economic and strategic importance, as well as increased military spending in the region led by China and Russia, trends that are likely to continue in the foreseeable future. The challenge for U.S. policy makers is to minimize any extra-regional disruptions the rebalance may cause and to maximize its global benefits. This project is an integrated, cross-regional study of the rebalance and its global impact.

     
    Support to the Defense Department, Combatant Commands, and Military Service Leadership

    This is an ongoing project for the Department of Defense (DoD), for which the Institute provides detailed policy reports and organizes high-level workshops on critical issues of national security for DoD, combatant command (COCOM), and military service leaderships.

     
    Finding the Right Mix: Disaster Diplomacy, National Security, and International Cooperation

    IFPA undertook this project, completed in 2009, to provide U.S. policy makers with enhanced tools for planning, managing, and concluding a major disaster operation effectively and in a manner that explicitly advances U.S. strategic objectives.

     
    Sending UCAS to Sea: A Superior Carrier through the Unmanned Combat Air System

    This project, launched in 2008, considers the key characteristics, capabilities, and future role in carrier fleet operations of the Navy Unmanned Combat Air System (N-UCAS) now under development.

     
    Planning for Long-term U.S. Military Engagement in Central Asia

    This project, completed in 2004, examined the military and operational requirements that could be anticipated to drive U.S. security planning for operations in Central Asia and adjacent regions over the next ten to twenty years.

     
    Defense Trends and Security Planning Perspectives in Key Regional Theaters

    This in-depth study of U.S., Allied, and coalition-partner security perspectives and policies focused on defense and security trends in South Asia, Europe, the Persian Gulf, and the Asia-Pacific region.

    Overseas Presence and Power Projection

    This study assessed the post-Cold War security environment and the contribution of American military posture to global security. Two monographs were produced: Airpower Synergies in the New Strategic Era and CVX: A Smart Carrier for a New Era.

     
  • Publications

    Defending the Homeland: The Role of Missile Defense
    Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    October 2013, 40 pp

    This special report is based on the proceedings of a June 25, 2013, Capitol Hill briefing held in Washington, D.C., and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship and organized by IFPA. The report focuses on the role that missile defense can play in U.S. homeland security. Specific topics include the emerging requirements for the Aegis sea-based missile defense program including Aegis Ashore, the potential to build a third missile defense site on the East Coast, the options for space-based missile defense, homeland security threats including electromagnetic pulse (EMP) as part of cyber and information warfare operations, and defense budget issues affecting missile defense programs and priorities.

     
    U.S. National Security Strategy and the New Strategic Triad: Capitol Hill Briefing Report
    Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    July 2012, 34 pp

    Report of the April 20, 2102, Capitol Hill briefing convened and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship. Organized by IFPA, the meeting brought together expertise on space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense to discuss the synergistic relationships among these core components which together form the elements of a new Strategic Triad to support U.S. national security strategy and defense policy. Participants included Senate and House Staff members, officials from the Departments of Defense, State, and the military services, subject matter experts, representatives from industry, and IWG members.

     
    The Marine Corps: America's Expeditionary Force in Readiness
    39th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    Conference report
    July 2011, 107 pp

     
    Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century
    38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    Conference report
    September 2010

    The conference report from the 38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, "Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century," addresses the defining issues for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) in the twenty-first-century security environment as well as the planning, operational, and investment challenges facing the USAF in the years ahead. These include balancing legacy missions with irregular warfare demands; determining where the USAF can take risks in platform modernization and how best to assign acquisition priorities in a constrained budget environment; identifying and promoting new mission areas and service competencies; and articulating an up-to-date strategy for enabling and supporting twenty-first-century security planning that facilitates combatant-commander security cooperation and joint and Allied/coalition operations, and contributing as well to broader interagency requirements.
    The conference was held on January 20–21, 2010, in Washington, D.C. Building on previous conferences in this series, the 38th IFPA-Fletcher National Security Conference brought together a unique mix of expertise from government and the private sector; from the civilian and military communities; from think tanks, industry, and academia; and from the United States and abroad.

     
    Finding the Right Mix: Disaster Diplomacy, National Security, and International Cooperation
    Charles M. Perry, with Marina Travayiakis, Bobby Andersen, and Yaron Eisenberg
    January 2009

    This study focuses on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR). It explores ways to make civil-military cooperation more effective in supporting a whole-of-government strategy for addressing twenty-first century threats. It is designed to assist those responsible for the management of large-scale HA/DR efforts achieve a greater unity of effort and division of labor among the diverse civilian and military, national and international, and public and private sector entities to execute such operations. It identifies critical capabilities and key operational challenges; reviews existing and proposed cooperative mechanisms to facilitate disaster relief planning, training, and implementation; and examines several recent cases of disaster response for lessons learned.

     
    Re-Calibrating Security Force Assistance (SFA) as a Critical Component of Waging Irregular Warfare (IW) within the Context of the Global War on Terror (GWOT)
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    December 2008
    NATO's Relevance and EUCOM's Priorities in Dealing with a Rising Russia
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    August 2008

    This report summarizes and elaborates upon discussions held at an IFPA workshop by the same name held on July 30, 2008, and organized in support of GEN Bantz Craddock, USA, then SACEUR and commander of USEUCOM. The report discusses emerging Allied concerns over a more assertive Russian security posture, and discusses potential opportunities for USEUCOM-led security cooperation in the greater Black Sea and Caucasus region as a way to enhance stability. Against the backdrop of the Russian-Georgian conflict (which erupted shortly after the workshop was held), the report also offers recommendations for appropriate U.S. and Allied responses.

    NATO's Strategic Relevance and U.S. European Command Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    March 2008

    This report analyzes the perspectives of NATO and SHAPE officials on the proper scope, focus, and timing of future adjustments to the Alliance’s 1999 Strategic Concept to bring it into closer accord with current and emerging strategic trends and priorities. The report also evaluates potential revisions to NATO’s deterrence posture (including with respect to forward-deployed nuclear weapons), and examines emerging requirements for Allied counter-proliferation planning, “out-of-area” missions (such as Afghanistan ), and civil-military coordination to protect Allied territory and critical infrastructure. Based on these assessments, recommendations are made for U.S. European Command (USEUCOM) planning priorities.

     
    Implementing the New Triad: Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Forces in 21st-Century Deterrence
    36th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy:
    January 2005, 122 pp

     
    Planning for and Responding to Threats to the U.S. Homeland
    35th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    October 2004, 132 pp

     
    Central Asia in U.S. Strategy and Operational Planning: Where Do We Go from Here?
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Michael J. Sweeney
    January 2004

    This monograph, the result of a project completed in 2004, examines the military and operational requirements that could be anticipated to drive U.S. security planning for operations in Central Asia and adjacent regions over the next ten to twenty years.

     
    Defense Reform, Modernization, & Military Cooperation in Southeastern Europe: Vol. 3 of the IFPA-Kokkalis Series on Southeast European Policy
    Edited by Charles M. Perry and Dimitris Keridis
    January 2004, 318 pp

     
    Alliance Diversification & the Future of the U.S.-Korean Security Relationship
    Charles M. Perry, Jecquelyn K. Davis, James L. Schoff, and Toshi Yoshihara
    January 2004, 224 pp

     
    Crisis Management in Japan & the United States: Creating Opportunities for Cooperation amid Dramatic Change
    Edited by James L. Schoff
    January 2004, 156 pp

     
    Security Planning and Military Transformation after Iraqi Freedom
    34th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    December 2003

     
    Missile Defense and Counterproliferation on the Korean Peninsula: Exploring U.S.-ROK Requirements and Options
    January 2003, 34 pp

     
    The Strategic and Operational Implications of NATO Enlargement in the Baltic Region
    July 2002
    Homeland Security and Special Operations: Sorting Out Procedures, Capabilities, and Operational Issues SOF and Homeland Security Report
    March 2002, 16 pp

     
    National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power
    Final Report from the 31st Annual IFPA-Fletcher Security Conference
    November 2001, 105 pp

     
    Expeditionary Solutions for a Gordian World
    Final Report from the IFPA-Fletcher-USMC Security Conference
    March 2001

     
    National Strategies and Capabilities for a Changing World
    Report from the IFPA-Fletcher Conference 2000
    January 2001, 128 pp

     
    Assessing the Cruise Missile Puzzle: How Great a Defense Challenge?
    David R. Tanks
    October 2000, 40 pp

     
    Strategic Dynamics in the Nordic/Baltic Region: Implications for U.S. Policy
    Charles M. Perry, Michael J. Sweeney, and Andrew C. Winner
    June 2000, 205 pp

     
    Final Report on Strategic Responsiveness: Early and Continuous Joint Effectiveness-Across the Spectrum
    April 2000

     
    The Role of Naval Forces in 21st-Century Operations
    Edited by Richard H. Schultz and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 2000, 284 pp

     
    United States as a 21st Century Aerospace Power
    December 1999, 35 pp

     
    Air/Missile Defense, Counterproliferation and Security Policy Planning
    Edited by Jacquelyn K. Davis, Charles M. Perry, and Jamal S. Al-Suwaidi
    July 1999, 144 pp

     
    Strategic Paradigms 2025
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Michael J. Sweeney
    June 1999, 353 pp

     
    CVX: A Smart Carrier for a New Era
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    January 1998, 78 pp

    Airpower Synergies in the New Strategic Era
    Charles M. Perry, Laurence E. Rothenberg, and Jacquelyn K. Davis, with a foreword by Frank Carlucci
    June 1997, 88 pp

     
    War in the Information Age
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 1997
    The Submarine and U.S. National Security Strategy in the Twenty-first Century
    Jacquelyn K. Davis, Michael J. Sweeney, Charles M. Perry
    January 1997, 85 pp

     
    Security Strategy and Missile Defense
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    December 1995

     
    Special Operations Forces: Roles and Missions in the Aftermath of the Cold War
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    July 1995

     
    Long-Range Bombers and the Role of Airpower in the New Century
    Charles M. Perry, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Joseph C. Conway
    June 1995, 96 pp

     
    Forward Presence and the U.S. Security Policy: Implications for Force Posture, Service Roles, and Joint Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    June 1995, 72 pp

     
    Aircraft Carriers and the Role of Naval Forces in the Twenty-First Century
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    June 1993, 59 pp

     
    Security Dynamics on the Korean Peninsula: Implications for Regional Stability and Defense Planning
    Workshop report
    June 1992

     
  • Events

    Aegis Sea-based Missile Defense: Present Status and Future Requirements: Capitol Hill conference held by the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    June 26, 2014, Washington, D.C.

    A roundtable discussion on the present status and future requirements of sea-based missile defense. Topicsincluded (1) new and emerging threats; (2) missile defense and homeland defense; (3) current status of sea-based missile defense; (4) Aegis and standard missile development and deployment plans; and (5) budgetary issues and priorities.

     
    Defending the Homeland: The Role of Missile Defense: Capitol Hill briefing held by the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    June 25, 2013, Washington, D.C.

    Roundtable discussion on missile defense, space, and homeland security. Topics included the ground-based midcourse defense (GMD) system and the issue currently being debated as to whether to build a third GMD site on the East Coast of the United States; the status of Aegis sea-based ballistic missile defense (BMD) programs; and options for defense from space and Aegis BMD based on shore.

     
    40th IFPA-Fletcher Conference: Positioning Special Operations Forces for Global Challenges
    June 5 – June 6, 2013, Washington, D.C.

    On June 5-6, 2013, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) and the International Security Studies Program of The Fletcher School of Tufts University will convene a high-level conference in Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). “Positioning Special Operations Forces for Global Challenges” will be held at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in downtown Washington, D.C. (1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW). This will be the fortieth IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, in a series widely recognized as one of the nation’s premier strategic dialogues.

     
    U.S. National Security Strategy & the New Strategic Triad: Capitol Hill briefing held by the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    April 20, 2012, Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.

    Organized by IFPA, this Capitol Hill briefing brought together expertise on space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense to discuss the synergistic relationships among these core components which together form the elements of a new Strategic Triad to support U.S. national security strategy and defense policy. The focus was priority issues and programs within and among space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense. Presentations were given by a panel of experts drawn primarily from IWG membership. The conference drew at least seventy-five participants from House and Senate staffs, the U.S. military services, the official civilian government, and the broader Washington, D.C., policy community. The program was videotaped as part of an effort to give broader dissemination to the presentations and discussion.

     
    Implementing a New Vision for SOCOM: Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities
    February 29, 2012, Washington, D.C., a SOCOM-IFPA workshop
    NATO Special Operations Headquarters Senior Steering Group Meeting
    May 24 – May 26, 2011, Krakow, Poland

    The fifth SSG meeting took place in Krakow, Poland, on May 24–26, 2011, in conjunction with the NATO SOF Commanders' Conference and the dedication of the new Polish SOF Headquarters. The NATO SOF Commanders' Conference featured a panel presentation by four SSG members, focusing on lessons-learned from Afghanistan and recent operations. The four SSG members who participated on this panel — Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis, Dr. Rob de Wijk, Commodore Lars Wille-Jorgensen, and Dr. Andrzej Karkoszka — || had each traveled to Afghanistan with members of the NSHQ and met with ISAF and national SOF teams to hear their perspectives on lessons-learned and the way ahead for NATO SOF planning, training and education, and capabilities development. This meeting also featured the participation of senior Polish defense officials and leaders from U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM), including Admiral Eric Olson.

     
    39th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: The Marine Corps—America's Expeditionary Force in Readiness
    April 14 – April 15, 2011, Washington, D.C.

     
    U.S.-Russian Relations Beyond New START: What’s Next, What’s Possible, and What’s Necessary
    March 7, 2011, Washington, D.C., an IFPA-DTRA-EUCOM workshop
    Exploring Options for Iran: Implications for DoD and Interagency Planning
    January 28, 2011, Washington, D.C., an IFPA-DTRA workshop
    NATO Special Operations Headquarters Senior Steering Group Meeting
    November 21 – November 24, 2010, Mons, Belgium

    This meeting was held in Mons, Belgium, on November 21-23, 2010, in conjunction with the NSHQ's formal activation ceremony and a NATO SOF commanders' conference. At this meeting, Dr. Jamie Shea, then of the Secretary General's Private Office, reported on the results of NATO's Lisbon Summit and highlighted the creation of a new NATO directorate focused on emerging security challenges (where he will now work as its Deputy Assistant Secretary General). The SSG also considered ways to boost support for SOF forces, planning, and capabilities in national capitals and discussed new mission areas, emanating from NATO's New Strategic Concept, for NATO SOF.

     
    Responding to a Nuclear Event Outside the United States: Synchronizing Department of Defense, Combatant Command, and Interagency Roles, Missions, and Capabilities
    September 29, 2010, Washington, D.C., in support of the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    New START, Nuclear Modernization, and Missile Defense
    July 20, 2010, Washington, D.C., Independent Working Group Conference

    The event featured sessions on threats and recent trends in missile defense; current issues including New START , the Nuclear Posture Review, nuclear modernization, and implications for missile defense; and priorities, budget needs and constraints, and programmatic initiatives.

     
    The Air Force's Nuclear Mission and the Future of Deterrence Planning
    June 11, 2009, Washington, D.C., in support of the chief of staff, U.S. Air Force
    38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century
    January 20 – January 21, 2010, Washington, D.C.

     
    NATO SOF Coordination Centre Senior Advisory Group Meeting
    September 9 – September 11, 2009, Rome, Italy

    The second meeting of the NATO SOF Coordination Centre (NSCC) Senior Advisory Group (SAG). held in conjunction with a larger NATO SOF Symposium entitled "NATO Special Operations Forces (SOF) – Key to Mission Success at the Strategic Level." At this second meeting, SSG members discussed implications of the new NATO Strategic Concept for SOF employment and mission planning, as well as opportunities for enhanced intelligence sharing and the operational development of Alliance SOF.

     
    NATO SOF Coordination Centre Senior Advisory Group Meeting
    June 17, 2009, Brussels and Mons, Belgium

    The first meeting of the NATO SOF Coordination Centre (NSCC) Senior Advisory Group (SAG). SAG members were introduced to the NSCC, given briefings about its capabilities, personnel, mission-taskings, and its role in operational planning for Afghanistan.

     
    Re-Calibrating Security Force Assistance as a Critical Component of Waging Irregular Warfare within the Context of the Global War on Terror
    November 20, 2008, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Special Operations Command
    NATO’s Relevance and EUCOM’s Priorities in Dealing with a Rising Russia
    July 30, 2008, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. European Command
    37th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: A New Maritime Strategy for 21st-Century National Security
    September 26 – September 27, 2007, Washington, D.C.

    The 37th IFPA-Fletcher conference on national security strategy and policy. Building on previous conferences in this series, the 37th IFPA-Fletcher National Security Conference provided a timely, high-level forum for presentation and analysis of the U.S. Navy’s New Maritime Strategy. It brought together a unique mix of expertise from government and the private sector; from the civilian and military communities; from think tanks, industry, and academia; and from the United States and abroad.

     
    Modernizing the Nuclear Stockpile and Implementing the New Triad
    February 28, 2007, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Strategic Command
    The Way Ahead with Iran: A Libya in Waiting, a Nuclear Pariah, or Something in Between?
    August 1, 2006, Washington, D.C., in support of the under secretary of state for arms control and international security
    Building Multi-party Capacity for a WMD-free Korean Peninsula
    February 17, 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii

    Government officials and foreign-policy experts from the United States, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea, and Australia gathered for a one-day workshop to discuss the six-party talks and to explore options for building regional capacity to implement a denuclearization agreement with North Korea, if and when one is concluded.

     
    36th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy: Implementing the New Triad: Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Forces in 21st-Century Deterrence
    December 14 – December 15, 2005, Washington, D.C.

     
    The 35th Annual IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Planning for and Responding to Threats to the U.S. Homeland
    October 28 – October 29, 2004, Washington D.C.

     
    Space and Information Operations in a Homeland Security Contingency
    April 2, 2002, Washington D.C., in support of U.S. Space Command and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
    Planning for and Responding to Bio-terror Threats to the U.S. Homeland: NORTHCOM's Roles, Capabilities, and Requirements
    March 30, 2004, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Northern Command
    The 34th Annual IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy: Security Planning and Military Transformation after Iraqi Freedom
    December 2 – December 3, 2003, Washington D.C.

     
    SOCOM Strategic Vision Wargame
    December 3 – December 6, 2002, Norfolk, Virginia, in support of U.S. Special Operations Command, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
    The 33rd IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    October 16 – October 17, 2002, Washington, D.C.

     
    The 32nd IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Meeting the Homeland Security Challenge
    March 25 – March 26, 2002, Washington D.C.
    Homeland Security and Special Operations: Sorting Out Procedures, Capabilities, and Operational Issues
    January 17, 2002, Washington D.C., in support of U.S. Special Operations Command, U.S. Joint Forces Command, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency

     
    IFPA Fletcher Conference: National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power
    November 14 – November 15, 2001, Washington D.C.

     
  • Articles & Presentations

    New Strategic Dynamics in the Arctic Region: Implications for National Security and International Collaboration, article drawn from material in full-length study
    Charles M. Perry and Bobby Andersen
    Atlantisch perspectief [Atlantic Perspective] October 2012

    Statement for the Record on U.S. SOCOM and SOF Futures
    Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis, July 11, 2012

    Testimony before the Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, U.S. Congress hearing.

    China-U.S. Strategic Stability
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Prepared for Nuclear Order — Build or Break, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., April 6, 2009

    U.S. National Defense Strategy & Security of Japan: U.S. Military Transformation and Beyond
    Speech by James L. Schoff, October 29, 2008, Tokyo, Japan