Europe & NATO

Following are all current, recent, and past IFPA projects, publications, conferences, workshops, articles, and presentations on issues concerning Europe and/or NATO.

articles &
  • Research

    Managing the Global Impact of America’s Rebalance to Asia

    The principal drivers behind America's rebalance toward Asia are Asia's growing economic and strategic importance, as well as increased military spending in the region led by China and Russia, trends that are likely to continue in the foreseeable future. The challenge for U.S. policy makers is to minimize any extra-regional disruptions the rebalance may cause and to maximize its global benefits. This project is an integrated, cross-regional study of the rebalance and its global impact.

    Rapid Strategic Assessment for the NATO Special Operations Headquarters

    In support of the NATO Special Operations Headquarters (NSHQ), IFPA is a major contributor to the Rapid Strategic Assessment project, which works with NSHQ in carrying out its core missions.

    Security Dynamics in Southeastern Europe

    IFPA and the Kokkalis Foundation (Athens, Greece) collaborated on a project to examine the principal strategic-military challenges in this uncertain and evolving region and to assess their implications for the bilateral U.S.-Greek relationship and broader Alliance relations. Three volumes were produced: Greek-Turkish Relations in the Era of Globalization, 2001; New Approaches to Balkan Studies, 2003; and Defense Reform, Modernization & Military Cooperation in Southeastern Europe, 2004.

  • Publications

    A Comprehensive Approach to Combating Illicit Trafficking
    A joint report by IFPA and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
    June 2010, 176 pp

    This report is based on extensive independent research conducted by IFPA on the multifaceted challenges posed by illicit trafficking and efforts to combat it; the report also incorporates discussions held at a high-level international workshop on the topic organized by IFPA and GCSP in Geneva, Switzerland, in September 2009.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Ballistic Missile Defense: A Guide
    The Independent Working Group
    May 2010, 23 pp

    This guide is based on information contained in the 2009 Independent Working Group Report entitled Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-First Century. The purpose of the guide is to address the most often asked questions and to provide information about missile defense.

    A New NATO, Euro-Atlantic Security, and the Greek-American Partnership
    June 2009

    Report on a high-level conference convened April 28-29, 2009, by the Defense Analysis Institute of the Hellenic Ministry of National Defense, the Konstantinos G. Karamanlis Foundation, and the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) with official NATO sponsorship. As NATO marks its sixtieth anniversary, it faces enduring questions about strategic focus, operational priorities, military requirements, and collaborative ties with partner nations and other international institutions. Some of these questions were addressed at the April 2009 NATO summit in Strasbourg-Kehl, but a broader and ongoing dialogue will be essential as the Alliance moves forward in the years ahead; this conference addressed and contributed to that process.

    Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-first Century
    The Independent Working Group
    January 2009

    This report provides an assessment of missile defense requirements beyond the limited ground-based system currently being deployed, together with opportunities to benefit from existing and new technologies. It presents proven technology options that should form the basis for deployment of an innovative missile defense that draws upon the legacy of technologies developed during the Strategic Defense Initiative program of the Reagan administration and the first Bush administration. The report lays out the necessary vision to exploit existing and future technologies, with space as an indispensable part of missile defense.

    NATO's Relevance and EUCOM's Priorities in Dealing with a Rising Russia
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    August 2008

    This report summarizes and elaborates upon discussions held at an IFPA workshop by the same name held on July 30, 2008, and organized in support of GEN Bantz Craddock, USA, then SACEUR and commander of USEUCOM. The report discusses emerging Allied concerns over a more assertive Russian security posture, and discusses potential opportunities for USEUCOM-led security cooperation in the greater Black Sea and Caucasus region as a way to enhance stability. Against the backdrop of the Russian-Georgian conflict (which erupted shortly after the workshop was held), the report also offers recommendations for appropriate U.S. and Allied responses.

    NATO's Strategic Relevance and U.S. European Command Planning
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Charles M. Perry
    March 2008

    This report analyzes the perspectives of NATO and SHAPE officials on the proper scope, focus, and timing of future adjustments to the Alliance’s 1999 Strategic Concept to bring it into closer accord with current and emerging strategic trends and priorities. The report also evaluates potential revisions to NATO’s deterrence posture (including with respect to forward-deployed nuclear weapons), and examines emerging requirements for Allied counter-proliferation planning, “out-of-area” missions (such as Afghanistan ), and civil-military coordination to protect Allied territory and critical infrastructure. Based on these assessments, recommendations are made for U.S. European Command (USEUCOM) planning priorities.

    Bulgaria in Europe: Charting a Path toward Reform and Integration
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis, Charles M. Perry, and Monica R.P. d'Assuncao Carlos
    April 2006, 151 pp

    This volume explores Bulgaria’s progress in the realms of economic and political reform, as well as its overall strategic and foreign policy priorities, within the context of its desires to contribute as a new NATO member, to join the European Union, and to play a leading role within and beyond Southeast Europe. The point of departure was the Bulgaria in Europe conference, organized by the Kokkalis Program on Southeast and East-Central Europe at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and by the Kokkalis Foundation in Athens, Greece, on July 15, 2002, in Sophia, Bulgaria. Contributors include Bulgaria’s former president, its deputy prime minister, its deputy foreign minister, and distinguished experts from Europe and the United States.

    Defense Reform, Modernization, & Military Cooperation in Southeastern Europe: Vol. 3 of the IFPA-Kokkalis Series on Southeast European Policy
    Edited by Charles M. Perry and Dimitris Keridis
    January 2004, 318 pp

    New Approaches to Balkan Studies
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis, Ellen Elias-Bursac, and Nicholas Yatromanolakis
    September 2003, 375 pp

    Reluctant Allies and Competitive Partners: U.S.-French Relations at the Breaking Point?
    Jacquelyn K. Davis
    July 2003, 242 pp

    The Strategic and Operational Implications of NATO Enlargement in the Baltic Region
    July 2002
    Greek-Turkish Relations in the Era of Globalization
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou
    November 2001
    Strategic Dynamics in the Nordic/Baltic Region: Implications for U.S. Policy
    Charles M. Perry, Michael J. Sweeney, and Andrew C. Winner
    June 2000, 205 pp

    NATO and Southeastern Europe: Security Issues for the Early 21st Century
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 2000, 248 pp

    European Security Institutions: Ready for the 21st Century?
    IFPA-Fletcher School Project Team
    January 2000, 248 pp

    The Way Ahead for Transatlantic Cooperation: Exploiting Collective Advantages
    January 1999, 33 pp
    Security in Southeastern Europe and the U.S.-Greek Relationship
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 1997, 208 pp

    Allied Planning for Peacekeeping and Conflict Management: Tailoring Military Means to Political Ends
    Report from the Eighth International Roundtable Conference on NATO,
    June 1994, 100 pp

    Transatlantic Relations in the 1990s: The Emergence of New Security Architectures
    Hans van de Broek, Pierre-Etienne Champenois, Willem van Eekelen, André Erdös, Lynn Hansen, Gebhardt von Moltke, Jerzy Nowak, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Rob de Wijk
    June 1993, 92 pp

    Preventing Instability in Post-Cold War Europe: The Institutional Responses of NATO, the WEU, the EC, the CSCE, and the UN
    Report from the Seventh International Roundtable Conference on NATO
    July 1992, 58 pp

    Change in Europe and the Emergence of New Strategic Priorities: Restructuring Security Arrangements for the 1990s
    Report from the Sixth International Roundtable Conference on NATO,
    December 1991, 45 pp

  • Events

    NATO Special Operations Headquarters Senior Steering Group Meeting
    May 24 – May 26, 2011, Krakow, Poland

    The fifth SSG meeting took place in Krakow, Poland, on May 24–26, 2011, in conjunction with the NATO SOF Commanders' Conference and the dedication of the new Polish SOF Headquarters. The NATO SOF Commanders' Conference featured a panel presentation by four SSG members, focusing on lessons-learned from Afghanistan and recent operations. The four SSG members who participated on this panel — Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis, Dr. Rob de Wijk, Commodore Lars Wille-Jorgensen, and Dr. Andrzej Karkoszka — || had each traveled to Afghanistan with members of the NSHQ and met with ISAF and national SOF teams to hear their perspectives on lessons-learned and the way ahead for NATO SOF planning, training and education, and capabilities development. This meeting also featured the participation of senior Polish defense officials and leaders from U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM), including Admiral Eric Olson.

    U.S.-Russian Relations Beyond New START: What’s Next, What’s Possible, and What’s Necessary
    March 7, 2011, Washington, D.C., an IFPA-DTRA-EUCOM workshop
    NATO Special Operations Headquarters Senior Steering Group Meeting
    November 21 – November 24, 2010, Mons, Belgium

    This meeting was held in Mons, Belgium, on November 21-23, 2010, in conjunction with the NSHQ's formal activation ceremony and a NATO SOF commanders' conference. At this meeting, Dr. Jamie Shea, then of the Secretary General's Private Office, reported on the results of NATO's Lisbon Summit and highlighted the creation of a new NATO directorate focused on emerging security challenges (where he will now work as its Deputy Assistant Secretary General). The SSG also considered ways to boost support for SOF forces, planning, and capabilities in national capitals and discussed new mission areas, emanating from NATO's New Strategic Concept, for NATO SOF.

    NATO SOF Headquarters Senior Advisory Group Meeting
    March 10 – March 11, 2010, Brussels and Mons, Belgium

    SAG members discussed models for the creation of a NATO SOF aviation element and considered new mission areas for which NATO SOF capabilities might be tasked.

    A Comprehensive Approach to Combating Illicit Trafficking
    September 28 – September 29, 2009, Geneva, Switzerland

    Organized by IFPA and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, with the support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA).

    NATO SOF Coordination Centre Senior Advisory Group Meeting
    September 9 – September 11, 2009, Rome, Italy

    The second meeting of the NATO SOF Coordination Centre (NSCC) Senior Advisory Group (SAG). held in conjunction with a larger NATO SOF Symposium entitled "NATO Special Operations Forces (SOF) – Key to Mission Success at the Strategic Level." At this second meeting, SSG members discussed implications of the new NATO Strategic Concept for SOF employment and mission planning, as well as opportunities for enhanced intelligence sharing and the operational development of Alliance SOF.

    NATO SOF Coordination Centre Senior Advisory Group Meeting
    June 17, 2009, Brussels and Mons, Belgium

    The first meeting of the NATO SOF Coordination Centre (NSCC) Senior Advisory Group (SAG). SAG members were introduced to the NSCC, given briefings about its capabilities, personnel, mission-taskings, and its role in operational planning for Afghanistan.

    A New NATO, Euro-Atlantic Security, and the Greek-American Partnership
    April 28 – April 29, 2009, Washington, D.C.

    U.S.-European Dialogue on Combating WMD Proliferation
    September 21 – September 22, 2008, Garmisch, Germany, in support of U.S. European Command and the Marshall Center/NATO
    NATO’s Relevance and EUCOM’s Priorities in Dealing with a Rising Russia
    July 30, 2008, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. European Command
    SHAPE Seminar on Weapons of Mass Destruction: Risks and Challenges to Alliance Security
    March 9, 2006, Brussels, Belgium, in support of General James L. Jones, the supreme Allied commander, Europe (SACEUR)
    Roundtable Dialogue with Allied Command Transformation
    March 9, 2005, Washington D.C., Headquarters, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT). Preliminary to wider U.S.-NATO meeting in 2005–06.
    Catastrophic Terrorist Threat to a Key Mediterranean Port as Part of Exercise Diligent Defender ( part of Athens Olympics security planning)
    June 16 – June 17, 2004, Naples, Italy, Allied Forces Southern Region Headquarters, in support of U.S. European Command and Allied Forces Southern Region
    The Changing Face of Deterrence for NATO: New Concepts, Capabilities, and Challenges
    March 4, 2004, Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Strategic Command, U.S. European Command, and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.
    The Strategic and Operational Implications of NATO Enlargement for the Southern Region
    March 16 – March 19, 2002, Naples, Italy, in support of Allied Forces Southern Region
  • Articles & Presentations

    NATO after 9/11: A US Perspective
    By Jacquelyn K. Davis, September 2011

    Collaboration with NATO on Missile Defense
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.,

    Conference on Missile Defence after the Bucharest NATO Summit: European and American Perspectives, Prague, the Czech Republic, May 5, 2008