Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., is president of the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis. He is also Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of International Security Studies at the Fletcher School, Tufts University. He is an authority on issues of U.S. national security policy.

research
publications
events
articles & presentations
  • Research

    Iran with Nuclear Weapons: Anticipating the Consequences for U.S. Security

    Based on the assumption, unpalatable as it may seem, that a nuclear Iran is all but inevitable, this project, completed in 2008, focuses on three critically important questions.

     
    Independent Working Group on Missile Defense

    As part of IFPA's missile defense program, the Independent Working Group ( IWG ) on Post-ABM Treaty Missile Defense and the Space Relationship is exploring missile defense architectures that include space-based systems.

     
    Democracy in Latin America Seminar Series: Challenges of Radical Populism

    In association with the Hudson Institute, IFPA has examined radical populism in Latin America in order to provide policy recommendations to leaders of government and civil society in the Hemisphere to help counter anti-democratic forces and authoritarianism.

     
    Support to the Defense Department, Combatant Commands, and Military Service Leadership

    This is an ongoing project for the Department of Defense (DoD), for which the Institute provides detailed policy reports and organizes high-level workshops on critical issues of national security for DoD, combatant command (COCOM), and military service leaderships.

     
    Space and U.S. Security: A Net Assessment

    Although the United States is the dominant player in space, a growing number of countries are accessing space for both military and commercial purposes, challenging U.S. preeminence.

     
    Strengthening Forces for Democracy in the Middle East: Lessons from the Past and Strategies for the Future

    This project was completed in 2006 as part of IFPA's ongoing work on democratization. The project's focus was democratic transformation in the Middle East and Central Asia.

     
    North American Homeland Security and Defense: Enhancing U.S. Joint Planning and Cooperation with Canada and Mexico in the War against Terrorism

    This project, completed in early 2006, explored options to increase homeland defense/security cooperation between the United States and Canada and between the United States and Mexico.

     
    Security Dynamics in Southeastern Europe

    IFPA and the Kokkalis Foundation (Athens, Greece) collaborated on a project to examine the principal strategic-military challenges in this uncertain and evolving region and to assess their implications for the bilateral U.S.-Greek relationship and broader Alliance relations. Three volumes were produced: Greek-Turkish Relations in the Era of Globalization, 2001; New Approaches to Balkan Studies, 2003; and Defense Reform, Modernization & Military Cooperation in Southeastern Europe, 2004.

     
    Missile Defense and Counterproliferation Studies

    Recognizing that over the first decade of the twenty-first century the United States and its allies will face a proliferation of precision weapons and missiles in the hands of adversaries, IFPA undertook several projects between 1997 and 2002 to assess U.S. and Allied missile defense and counterproliferation policy and technology.

    Enhancing Joint Crisis Management Capabilities: Issues and Policy Options for Japan-U.S. Cooperation

    In this joint two-year study completed in 2002, IFPA and the Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) examined issues and policy options on joint crisis management between Japan and the United States, exploring how Tokyo and Washington might better prepare for and respond to an array of crisis scenarios ranging from traditional security threats to emerging challenges.

    Development of a Post-Cold War Academic Curriculum

    Launched in 1994, this project explores post-Cold War instructional approaches in professional military educational institutions, particularly with regard to the security ramifications of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferation and deterrence.

  • Publications

    Anticipating a Nuclear Iran: Challenges for U.S. Security
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    December 2013, Columbia University Press

    Published by Columbia University Press in December 2013 , this book is based on a study originally completed under a grant to IFPA from the Smith Richardson Foundation and addresses major political and security challenges for the United States if Iran acquires a nuclear weapons capability. The co-authors are Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis and Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Rather than focus on Iran’s pursuit of nuclear capabilities, this volume assumes the worst, and a defensive, aggressive, and unstable Iran is already in the possession of a nuclear arsenal. How should the U.S. handle this threat, and can it deter the use of such weapons? Exploring three potential scenarios in which Iran becomes a nuclear state, this volume breaks down the political, strategic, and operational challenges facing the U.S. in a post-Cold War world.

    The volume concentrates on the type of nuclear capability Iran might develop; the conditions under which Iran might resort to threatened or actual weapons use; the extent to which Iran’s military strategy and declaratory policy might embolden Iran and its proxies to pursue more aggressive policies in the region and vis-à-vis the United States; and Iran’s ability to transfer nuclear materials to others within and outside of the region, possibly sparking a nuclear cascade. Drawing on recent post-Cold War deterrence theory, the authors consider Iran’s nuclear ambitions as they relate to its foreign policy objectives, domestic politics, and role in the Islamic world, and they suggest specific approaches the U.S. can undertake to improve its defense and deterrence planning.

     
    Defending the Homeland: The Role of Missile Defense
    Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    October 2013, 40 pp

    This special report is based on the proceedings of a June 25, 2013, Capitol Hill briefing held in Washington, D.C., and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship and organized by IFPA. The report focuses on the role that missile defense can play in U.S. homeland security. Specific topics include the emerging requirements for the Aegis sea-based missile defense program including Aegis Ashore, the potential to build a third missile defense site on the East Coast, the options for space-based missile defense, homeland security threats including electromagnetic pulse (EMP) as part of cyber and information warfare operations, and defense budget issues affecting missile defense programs and priorities.

     
    U.S. National Security Strategy and the New Strategic Triad: Capitol Hill Briefing Report
    Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    July 2012, 34 pp

    Report of the April 20, 2102, Capitol Hill briefing convened and sponsored by the Independent Working Group (IWG) on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship. Organized by IFPA, the meeting brought together expertise on space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense to discuss the synergistic relationships among these core components which together form the elements of a new Strategic Triad to support U.S. national security strategy and defense policy. Participants included Senate and House Staff members, officials from the Departments of Defense, State, and the military services, subject matter experts, representatives from industry, and IWG members.

     
    The Marine Corps: America's Expeditionary Force in Readiness
    39th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    Conference report
    July 2011, 107 pp

     
    Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century
    38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    Conference report
    September 2010

    The conference report from the 38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, "Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century," addresses the defining issues for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) in the twenty-first-century security environment as well as the planning, operational, and investment challenges facing the USAF in the years ahead. These include balancing legacy missions with irregular warfare demands; determining where the USAF can take risks in platform modernization and how best to assign acquisition priorities in a constrained budget environment; identifying and promoting new mission areas and service competencies; and articulating an up-to-date strategy for enabling and supporting twenty-first-century security planning that facilitates combatant-commander security cooperation and joint and Allied/coalition operations, and contributing as well to broader interagency requirements.
    The conference was held on January 20–21, 2010, in Washington, D.C. Building on previous conferences in this series, the 38th IFPA-Fletcher National Security Conference brought together a unique mix of expertise from government and the private sector; from the civilian and military communities; from think tanks, industry, and academia; and from the United States and abroad.

     
    Countering the EMP Threat: The Role of Missile Defense
    White paper by Henry Cooper and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    July 2010, 12 pp

    Among the threats facing the United States are short-range ballistic missiles launched from vessels such as freighters, tankers, or container ships off our shores to detonate a warhead that could have catastrophic Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) consequences for the United States. After discussing the potential for a successful EMP attack, this report suggests what can (and should) be done to counter such an attack by using existing and near-term missile defense capabilities, beginning immediately.

     
    Frequently Asked Questions about Ballistic Missile Defense: A Guide
    The Independent Working Group
    May 2010, 23 pp

    This guide is based on information contained in the 2009 Independent Working Group Report entitled Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-First Century. The purpose of the guide is to address the most often asked questions and to provide information about missile defense.

     
    A New NATO, Euro-Atlantic Security, and the Greek-American Partnership
    June 2009

    Report on a high-level conference convened April 28-29, 2009, by the Defense Analysis Institute of the Hellenic Ministry of National Defense, the Konstantinos G. Karamanlis Foundation, and the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) with official NATO sponsorship. As NATO marks its sixtieth anniversary, it faces enduring questions about strategic focus, operational priorities, military requirements, and collaborative ties with partner nations and other international institutions. Some of these questions were addressed at the April 2009 NATO summit in Strasbourg-Kehl, but a broader and ongoing dialogue will be essential as the Alliance moves forward in the years ahead; this conference addressed and contributed to that process.

     
    Updating U.S. Deterrence Concepts and Operational Planning: Reassuring Allies, Deterring Legacy Threats, and Dissuading Nuclear "Wannabes"
    Jacquelyn K. Davis, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Charles M. Perry, and James L. Schoff
    February 2009, 22 pp

    Among the potentially contentious issues requiring focused attention and innovative thinking by the Obama administration are those relating to the future of U.S. deterrence planning. Members of the administration are already on record as favoring a significant unilateral reduction in U.S. nuclear weapons. Some are calling for the ratification of a Comprehensive (Nuclear) Test Ban Treaty; others are questioning proposals to update the U.S. nuclear infrastructure and modernize the U.S. nuclear warhead inventory to make American deterrent forces better able to meet and counter legacy and emerging deterrence threats and challenges. This paper provides an assessment of the future of U.S. nuclear planning and offers new ideas about deterrence in the dramatically changed twenty-first-century security planning environment.

     
    The Space and U.S. Security Net Assessment
    Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 2009, 83 pp

    This report, the product of a year-long study effort, has been prepared as a contribution to the discussion about the future role of the United States in space. It surveys the current status of U.S. space activities and draws comparisons with other countries that have developed space programs in recent decades. It projects major trends into a ten- to twenty-year timeframe to identify factors that may have important positive or negative implications for the position of the United States relative to other nations in the next decade. Because of the inherently dual-use nature of space technology and the growing role of the commercial sector, this net assessment takes a broad view of space, encompassing space technologies for military uses and for commercial purposes. It underscores the mutually important role of space in U.S. national security and in the U.S. economy.

     
    Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-first Century
    The Independent Working Group
    January 2009

    This report provides an assessment of missile defense requirements beyond the limited ground-based system currently being deployed, together with opportunities to benefit from existing and new technologies. It presents proven technology options that should form the basis for deployment of an innovative missile defense that draws upon the legacy of technologies developed during the Strategic Defense Initiative program of the Reagan administration and the first Bush administration. The report lays out the necessary vision to exploit existing and future technologies, with space as an indispensable part of missile defense.

     
    Iran with Nuclear Weapons: Anticipating the Consequences for U.S. Policy
    Jacquelyn K. Davis and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    September 2008, 93 pp

    We need only ponder the problems posed by an Iran without nuclear weapons to begin to assess the challenges of an Iran in possession of an operational nuclear weapons capability. Considering the issue from the perspective of three different heuristic models of Iran’s proliferation — a defensive Iran, an aggressive Iran, and an unstable Iran — this report assesses the political, strategic, and operational implications of Iran’s attainment of a nuclear weapons capability. It assumes that absent strong, unified, multilateral action to impose a strict sanctions regime, a United Nations Security Council-approved embargo, or other tightly enforced trade and financial restrictions, current policies will not suffice to prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear weapons state.

     
    A New Maritime Strategy for 21st-Century National Security
    37th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    February 2007

     
    Implementing the New Triad: Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Forces in 21st-Century Deterrence
    36th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy:
    January 2005, 122 pp

     
    The Mexican-U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    January 2005, 35 pp

     
    The Canada-U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    January 2005, 35 pp

     
    Nuclear Energy and Science for the 21st Century: Atoms for Peace Plus 50
    January 2004, 74 pp

     
    Security Planning and Military Transformation after Iraqi Freedom
    34th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    December 2003

     
    The Strategic Plan for Safeguarding the Commonwealth of Massachusetts against Terrorist and Related Threats
    Prepared for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by
    January 2003, 43 pp

     
    National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power
    Final Report from the 31st Annual IFPA-Fletcher Security Conference
    November 2001, 105 pp

     
    Greek-Turkish Relations in the Era of Globalization
    Edited by Dimitris Keridis and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou
    November 2001, out of print
    Expeditionary Solutions for a Gordian World
    Final Report from the IFPA-Fletcher-USMC Security Conference
    March 2001

     
    National Strategies and Capabilities for a Changing World
    Report from the IFPA-Fletcher Conference 2000
    January 2001, 128 pp

     
    Contending Theories of International Relations
    Co-author, fifth edition, New York: Addison Wesley Longman
    January 2001
    NATO and Southeastern Europe: Security Issues for the Early 21st Century
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 2000, 248 pp

     
    Final Report on Strategic Responsiveness: Early and Continuous Joint Effectiveness-Across the Spectrum
    April 2000

     
    European Security Institutions: Ready for the 21st Century?
    IFPA-Fletcher School Project Team
    January 2000, 248 pp

     
    The Role of Naval Forces in 21st-Century Operations
    Edited by Richard H. Schultz and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 2000, 284 pp

     
    United States as a 21st Century Aerospace Power
    December 1999, 35 pp

     
    Security in Southeastern Europe and the U.S.-Greek Relationship
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Dimitris Keridis
    June 1997, 208 pp

     
    War in the Information Age
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    January 1997
    Security Strategy and Missile Defense
    Edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    December 1995

     
    Special Operations Forces: Roles and Missions in the Aftermath of the Cold War
    Co-edited by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    July 1995

     
    Long-Range Bombers and the Role of Airpower in the New Century
    Charles M. Perry, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Joseph C. Conway
    June 1995, 96 pp

     
    Taiwan in a Transformed World
    Edited by David Tawei Lee and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr
    January 1995, 140 pp

     
    Taiwan in a Changing Global Setting
    Workshop report
    July 1994, 75 pp

     
    Pacific Partners: Canada and the United States
    Charles F. Doran, Michael K. Hawes, Brian L. Job, Rank Langdon, and Douglas Ross
    January 1994, 129 pp

     
    Proliferation, Theater Missile Defense, and U.S. Security
    January 1994, 44 pp, out of print
    Transatlantic Relations in the 1990s: The Emergence of New Security Architectures
    Hans van de Broek, Pierre-Etienne Champenois, Willem van Eekelen, André Erdös, Lynn Hansen, Gebhardt von Moltke, Jerzy Nowak, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and Rob de Wijk
    June 1993, 92 pp

     
    Preventing Instability in Post-Cold War Europe: The Institutional Responses of NATO, the WEU, the EC, the CSCE, and the UN
    Report from the Seventh International Roundtable Conference on NATO
    July 1992, 58 pp

     
    Naval Arms Control and Pacific Security in the 1990s
    Workshop report
    January 1992, 25 pp

     
    Change in Europe and the Emergence of New Strategic Priorities: Restructuring Security Arrangements for the 1990s
    Report from the Sixth International Roundtable Conference on NATO,
    December 1991, 45 pp

     
  • Events

    Defending the Homeland: The Role of Missile Defense: Capitol Hill briefing held by the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    June 25, 2013, Washington, D.C.

    Roundtable discussion on missile defense, space, and homeland security. Topics included the ground-based midcourse defense (GMD) system and the issue currently being debated as to whether to build a third GMD site on the East Coast of the United States; the status of Aegis sea-based ballistic missile defense (BMD) programs; and options for defense from space and Aegis BMD based on shore.

     
    Beyond Hugo Chávez: What to Expect in Latin America
    May 8, 2013, Washington, D.C.

    IFPA's Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., moderated this seminar in the IFPA-Hudson "Democracy in Latin America" seminar series.

     
    40th IFPA-Fletcher Conference: Positioning Special Operations Forces for Global Challenges
    June 5 – June 6, 2013, Washington, D.C.

    On June 5-6, 2013, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis (IFPA) and the International Security Studies Program of The Fletcher School of Tufts University will convene a high-level conference in Washington, D.C., in support of U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). “Positioning Special Operations Forces for Global Challenges” will be held at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in downtown Washington, D.C. (1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW). This will be the fortieth IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, in a series widely recognized as one of the nation’s premier strategic dialogues.

     
    U.S. National Security Strategy & the New Strategic Triad: Capitol Hill briefing held by the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense and the Space Relationship
    April 20, 2012, Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.

    Organized by IFPA, this Capitol Hill briefing brought together expertise on space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense to discuss the synergistic relationships among these core components which together form the elements of a new Strategic Triad to support U.S. national security strategy and defense policy. The focus was priority issues and programs within and among space, nuclear modernization, and missile defense. Presentations were given by a panel of experts drawn primarily from IWG membership. The conference drew at least seventy-five participants from House and Senate staffs, the U.S. military services, the official civilian government, and the broader Washington, D.C., policy community. The program was videotaped as part of an effort to give broader dissemination to the presentations and discussion.

     
    39th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: The Marine Corps—America's Expeditionary Force in Readiness
    April 14 – April 15, 2011, Washington, D.C.

     
    New START, Nuclear Modernization, and Missile Defense
    July 20, 2010, Washington, D.C., Independent Working Group Conference

    The event featured sessions on threats and recent trends in missile defense; current issues including New START , the Nuclear Posture Review, nuclear modernization, and implications for missile defense; and priorities, budget needs and constraints, and programmatic initiatives.

     
    The Air Force's Nuclear Mission and the Future of Deterrence Planning
    June 11, 2009, Washington, D.C., in support of the chief of staff, U.S. Air Force
    Terrorists, Drug Traffickers, and Gangs in Latin America: Undermining Democracy
    June 9, 2010, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    38th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century
    January 20 – January 21, 2010, Washington, D.C.

     
    Challenges to Democracy in Latin America: The Case of Venezuela
    December 3, 2009, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    Populist Threats to Democracy in Central America
    September 22, 2009, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    Emerging Threats and Homeland/National Security: The Role of Missile Defense
    September 22 – June 23, 2009, Washington, D.C., Independent Working Group roundtable

     
    A New NATO, Euro-Atlantic Security, and the Greek-American Partnership
    April 28 – April 29, 2009, Washington, D.C.

     
    Bolivia: A Country Divided
    April 1, 2009, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    Democracy in Central America: How Strong?
    February 19, 2009, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    Latin America's Radical Populism Challenges: What's Next for a New U.S. Administration?
    October 8, 2008, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    The Faces of Radical Populism in Latin America
    April 3, 2008, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    Radical Populism in Latin America
    November 6, 2007, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    37th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: A New Maritime Strategy for 21st-Century National Security
    September 26 – September 27, 2007, Washington, D.C.

    The 37th IFPA-Fletcher conference on national security strategy and policy. Building on previous conferences in this series, the 37th IFPA-Fletcher National Security Conference provided a timely, high-level forum for presentation and analysis of the U.S. Navy’s New Maritime Strategy. It brought together a unique mix of expertise from government and the private sector; from the civilian and military communities; from think tanks, industry, and academia; and from the United States and abroad.

     
    Leftism and Populism in Today’s Latin America: Is Chavismo Contagious?
    July 9, 2007, Washington, D.C., in association with the Hudson Institute and part of the Democracy in Latin America seminar series

     
    The Way Ahead with Iran: A Libya in Waiting, a Nuclear Pariah, or Something in Between?
    August 1, 2006, Washington, D.C., in support of the under secretary of state for arms control and international security
    Strengthening Forces for Democracy in the Middle East: Lessons from the Past and Strategies for the Future
    February 9, 2006, Washington, D.C.

    This workshop explored the extent to which lessons learned from the Cold War era struggle against Communism have relevance to the war against radical Salafist ideologies and to efforts to establish democracies in the wider Muslim world.

     
    36th IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy: Implementing the New Triad: Nuclear and Non-Nuclear Forces in 21st-Century Deterrence
    December 14 – December 15, 2005, Washington, D.C.

     
    Mexican-U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    December 2, 2005, Washington, D.C.

     
    Canada - U.S. Partnership: Enhancing Our Common Security
    March 14, 2005, Washington, D.C.

     
    The 35th Annual IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Planning for and Responding to Threats to the U.S. Homeland
    October 28 – October 29, 2004, Washington D.C.

     
    The 34th Annual IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security and Policy: Security Planning and Military Transformation after Iraqi Freedom
    December 2 – December 3, 2003, Washington D.C.

     
    Nuclear Energy and Science for the 21st Century: Atoms for Peace Plus 50
    October 22, 2003, Washington D.C.

     
    Options for Handling the Challenges Associated with Iran’s WMD Programs
    June 25, 2003, Washington, D.C., in support of the National Security Council and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
    Taiwan Security and Air Power
    January 9, 2003, Washington D.C.

    As part of its research and dialogue efforts focused on Asia-Pacific security, IFPA co-sponsored this senior-level conference in Taipei, Republic of China (ROC). The conference was organized in cooperation with the Center for Taiwan Defense and Strategic Studies, the Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies oat Tam Kang University, and the ROC's National Defense University, all in Taipei, and with the Centre for Defence and International Security Studies of Lancaster University in the United Kingdom. The conference provided an opportunity for in-depth discussion of the potential role of airpower in undergirding the defense of Taiwan, with discussion focusing on the cross-strait balance of power as a whole and with respect to air power assets in particular, air power modernization efforts now underway in both the ROC and the People's Republic of China (PRC), the role of air and missile defense systems in ensuring ROC security, and emerging priorities for the ROC Air Force in the years ahead.
    Both before and after the conference, IFPA and other U.S. speakers and commentators were able to meet and exchange views with a very senior group of ROC officials, including President Chen Shui-bian, Defense Minister Tang Yiau-ming, Legislative Yuan Vice President Chiang Pin-Kung, Deputy Foreign Minister Kau Ying-mao, National Security Bureau Director Tsai Chao-Ming, National Security Council Secretary General Chou I-Jen, and Secretary General Chan Chun-Hsiung of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party.

    The 33rd IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy
    October 16 – October 17, 2002, Washington, D.C.

     
    The 32nd IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy: Meeting the Homeland Security Challenge
    March 25 – March 26, 2002, Washington D.C.
    IFPA Fletcher Conference: National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power
    November 14 – November 15, 2001, Washington D.C.

     
  • Articles & Presentations

    A Fiscal 2012 Missile Defense Agenda
    By the Independent Working Group, February 14, 2011

    A Dangerous Gap in Our Defenses? An EMP Attack Is a Terrible Threat That Could Be Countered Now
    Op-ed by Henry F. Cooper and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
    National Review Online, December 14, 2010

    China-U.S. Strategic Stability
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Prepared for Nuclear Order — Build or Break, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., April 6, 2009

    Boost-Phase Missile Defense
    Talk by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Boost-Phase Missile Defense: Present Challenges, Future Prospects, seminar at the Capitol Hill Club, Washington, D.C., April 3, 2009

    An Iran with Nuclear Weapons
    Lecture by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Foreign PolicyChallenges for the New Administration: Iran and the Middle East, seminar at the Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, March 6, 2009; Dr. Pfaltzgraff also served as panel moderator

    The Shoot-Down of the Failing NRO Satellite: Implications for ICBM Missile Defense
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Capitol Hill Forum on Missile Defense: Implications of the February 2008 Satellite Intercept, Washington, D.C., October 9, 2008

    Crisis Management: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
    Keynote address by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    Athena 08, sponsored by Defense Analysis Institute of the Hellenic Ministry of National Defence, at the Athena 08 Crisis Management International Conference, Athens, Greece, July 2, 2008.

    Collaboration with NATO on Missile Defense
    Speech by Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.,

    Conference on Missile Defence after the Bucharest NATO Summit: European and American Perspectives, Prague, the Czech Republic, May 5, 2008

    Space and Missile Defense
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    To the Federalist Society and held at the National Press Club, Washington, D.C., June 20, 2007

    Weapons in Space
    Speech by Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

    To the Boston Council on Foreign Relations, June 18, 2007